Why you should embrace Berber culture on your Moroccan adventure

Jan 8, 2020 • 11 min read

morocco berber travel

The Berber people and their colourful culture are always a memorable part of travellers’ journeys © Simon Urwin / Lonely Planet

It was a sign that I saw everywhere in Morocco . Spray painted onto bus stops, scribbled on restaurant walls, and etched onto the sides of Arabic drums. And now it was here, nearly 4000m above sea level in the heart of the High Atlas Mountains .

A Berber man, with indigo head scarf and light blue and gold robe stands smiling in front of a pinkish stone building.

Berbers of the mountains

A boulder by the trail is emblazoned in crimson. It depicts three feathered brushstrokes as if painted by the wind that is howling shamelessly around us now. Roughly, the symbol looks like a man reaching towards the sky.

Badr and Mohammad, our local hiking guides, are waiting patiently for the rest of our group to catch up.  “What does this symbol mean?” I ask.

“It means freedom,” Mohammad tells me, adjusting the colourful scarf around his forehead.  “It’s the sign of the Berber people; it’s on our flag,” Badr elaborates.

I am leaning against a rock, massaging my aching thighs. It is hardly daybreak, and we are already descending from the summit of the highest mountain in North Africa. Badr and Mohammad had led our group up the steep scree slopes of Toubkal in the middle of the night. We had reached the summit breathless, just in time to watch the birth of the new day over the horizon. It came in a bright vermilion blaze, which illuminated the craggy face of the Atlas and all of her jagged peaks. 

Read more: How to climb Toubkal, Morocco's highest peak

Four trekkers walk up a rocky path, with the upper flanks of Toubkal rising in the background; whispy clouds float around the summit

The rest of the group have caught up, and are now gathered around the mysterious symbol.

“The Berber flag is split into three colours,” Mohammed explains, retrieving a bag of peanuts to offer us. “Blue, for the Berbers by the sea. Yellow, for the Berbers in the desert. And green, for the Berbers of the mountains.”

We begin to walk again. For us, the strain of the hike is a once-in-a-lifetime experience, but not so for Badr and Mohammad; they trek to the summit at least twice a week. The terrain eases as we descend into the verdant cusp of the valley. Farmers herd their goats about the fields, with the animals grazing lazily under the sparse shade of juniper trees.

Badr is walking beside me, and I ask him once more of the symbol that means freedom. 

“It’s not just Berbers who are free. Its Moroccans, Arabs – it’s all people.”

“But what is it that makes you free?”

“What makes you not free?’ Badr replies with a grin.

We hug the side of the trail as a train of mules, saddled in technicolor fabrics, passes us by. “To answer your question, you have to tell me your definition of freedom. Each person has their own.”

I cannot think of one, so I ask Badr for his. He thinks pensively for a moment.

“To work, but not too much.” He responds. “To have time for myself, for my friends and my family. That is all.”

The trail is now at an easy plateau. A village, with its apple orchards and sound of school children singing, would soon be upon us.

Badr’s question sticks on my mind like baklava. What makes you not free? And what does freedom mean? And I wonder what I can learn about freedom from the Berbers; the “free people” of Morocco.

Read more: The best hikes in Morocco's High Atlas Mountains

A shallow drum - covered in Berber writing and symbols - hangs on the wall of a music shop in an alleyway of Essaouira.

Berbers of the sea

It’s not until I am in the fishing town of Essaouira before I encounter the mysterious symbol again. I see it in a music shop, inked on the membrane of a snare-drum decorated with various Berber signs. Hajji, the shopkeeper, picks up the drum and begins tapping a rhythm.

“Play it like this,” he instructs me, passing the drum. “Like a horse trotting. Chk-a-chk-a chk-a-chk-a. Yes, that’s right”.

Hajji takes a guitar and begins to pluck the deep, hypnotic trance of Gnawa, a musical style that hails from the region. The notes resound from the bass; rich, warm and mesmerising, like the dancing flames of a campfire.

Hajji shrugs when I ask him of the curious signs decorating the drum. He tells me that they are ancient Berber symbols. He cannot tell me what they mean, says he knows somebody who can. 

Read more: Where to find the best street food in Morocco

A local artist painting traditional Berber symbols onto canvas in his workshop; many of his works crowd the table he is working on and hang from the wall behind him.

I weave my way through the medina. The streets are lined with markets selling glassy-eyed fish, slick from the ocean. Seagulls beat their wings overhead, throwing lofty shadows against buildings as white and dappled as sea foam. I find local artist Younes at his workshop, tucked away in a corner of the medina. He is calligraphing a goat-hide canvas, tracing the elegant hooks and curves of Arabic script. The walls are covered with cured animal skins, depicting artworks comprising some of the strange symbols I saw in the music shop. Younes teaches me that the signs are derived from the traditional face tattoos of the Berber women in his community. 

“I was always curious about the symbols when I was younger. But today, fewer and fewer people understand what they mean,” explains the artist, with a melancholy smile.

A Berber woman stares into the camera, her cheeks and chin each donning a traditional symbol; she wears a decorative headpiece and large sliver bracelets. Her arms are crossed over her chest and a white shawl covers the top of her head, shoulders and torso.

Indeed, the threat to Berber culture is a real one. The written form of the Berber language, Tifinagh, has widely fallen out of usage. Although there have been some efforts to reintroduce the alphabet in schools, the future of the language remains uncertain. Additionally, Berber people are becoming increasingly pressured to abandon their nomadic lives and small-town living in favour of life in the modern world.

“People move to the city, they get cell phones and they forget their way of life,” Younes elaborates.

I begin to wonder, does this transition come at the cost of culture? And ultimately, the cost of freedom?

Younes smiles knowingly. “Freedom is not a place or time. It’s something behind that – it’s in our philosophy, it’s in our way of breathing,” he pauses, taking a sip of coffee. He gestures to a symbol on the canvas that looks like an anchor.

“This,” he explains enthusiastically, “represents the fusion of Arabic and Berber cultures. There is a freedom in unity, in togetherness. The jacket I’m wearing was made in Italy. Next year, I might wear one made in France. We may change our clothes, but it’s still us.”

“And what does freedom mean to you?” I ask.

Younes chuckles. “This is not an easy question, you know. The sign on our flag simply means ‘be free’. It is a general idea, a way of being. To me, being free means knowing that nobody can choose our place. Nobody can make us happy. Only us.”

Read more: Essential Moroccan experiences you won't want to miss

A Berber man sits atop a wall facing the sea (with his back to the camera); the ocean is visible in the distance, and seagulls fly about.

He points out another symbol – a rising sun and a key – on the canvas. “The happiness and prospects of tomorrow, and the keys to unlock them. Freedom is also doing something for someone without expecting anything in return.”

Next, he gestures to a symbol of a cat with a crescent-shaped head. “No doubt you have seen many cats around the medina. People feed them, they care for them. But do they expect something from the cat? No. The love is unconditional.”

Finally, he points to a symbol which looks like musical notes. “Three women dancing,” he explains. “This means ‘be in the moment’. You never know what could happen the next day, the next hour or even the next minute. There is no sense in worrying about things out of your control. To be free, you must be present in the now.” Younes drains the last of the coffee.

“And you? What does freedom mean to you?”

Again, I find myself unable to answer.

Read more: Why Tangier should be your first port of call in Morocco

This image looks up the ripples of a large Saharna sand dune towards the setting sun; the sky is dotted with a few dark clouds, backed by a bright purple horizon.

Berbers of the desert

There is no more road after the oasis town of M’hamid, only the endless sea of the Sahara. At sunset, the sand is sumac under a sky flushed magenta. The desert stretches out to meet the skyline, enclosing the town in a hot, fiery womb. Light and shadow dance in the contours of the terrain like yin and yang.

I meet my Saharan guide Aziz at his home. It’s the last house before the oblivion of the desert begins. Aziz and his family are some of the last Saharan nomads. They wandered the desert for generations, herding livestock and moving with the seasons. 

Aziz greets me warmly and pours a customary cup of Moroccan mint tea. We sit in the kitchen, sipping the sweet, warm drink and discussing life in the desert.

“Time doesn’t exist there. I don’t even know when I was born!” he laughs. “My mother thinks it was September. My sister thinks it was January.”

Aziz speaks with mixed emotions about life in the desert. One decade ago, he and his family were forced to abandon their nomadic life and relocate to the town of M’Hamid.

“It became very difficult to survive. The Algerian border became more tightly controlled. If some of our camels crossed the border in the night, we couldn’t get them back.” He refills our glasses, drawing the teapot up high and letting the tea cascade into our cups. “I don’t think borders should exist. Anywhere,” he says.

Looking out at the Sahara, it seemed indeed bizarre that an expanse so endless and unbroken could be cleaved by boundaries at all.

“The second reason we moved is that the river Draa began to dry up.”  

Three mud-brick buildings sit around a stand of palms in the sands of the Sahara desert; a cloudless sky hangs over it all.

Aziz tells me that the river had stopped flowing due to the building of a dam in Ouarzazate. As a result, life for desert nomads became increasingly difficult.

“Eventually, it just became too much.”

The next day, Aziz takes me to the place where the Draa is meant to be. Nothing remains but ripples in the sand. Few families maintain a pastoral life in the desert today. But with the unique set of skills needed to survive as a nomad in the desert, Aziz believes that his generation could sadly be the last.

“So what does it mean to be a nomad who is no longer nomadic?” I ask.

“My parents and grandparents feel like they are in prison. They miss the desert. Even now, if I show my mother a photograph from the Sahara, she knows exactly where it was taken,” he says with a grin.  “I take her back sometimes, to visit.”

“And despite giving up your way of life, are you still free?” I enquire.

“We try to stay independent. We don’t keep money in the banks, and most of us don’t vote. We don’t like to be controlled. I have an uncle that lives in France now. He married a French woman that visited as a tourist. But he is still free, even if he doesn’t live in the desert. Freedom is more about the way you think. To not worry too much about the future, to enjoy what you have today.”

That night, we sit in the stillness beneath a sky as black as molasses. The only noise is the gurgling of the shisha that we are sharing.

“If you could go back to living in the desert, would you?” I ask, breaking the silence.

“Yes,” he says, without hesitation. “Yes, I would.”

Aziz offers me the mouthpiece of the shisha. I breathe in the tobacco, letting the sweet smoke fill my lungs. The charcoals glow, as bright and hot as a desert sunset. I think back to Badr’s first question that had caught me off guard in the Atlas Mountains. “What makes you not free?”

I recalled what my fellow hikers had to say when I asked them the same question. Apparently, there was too much that stood in our way. The nine-to-five grind, debt, and the stresses of life in the city were all too confining.

Three goats make their way up a very rocky path passed some gnarly trees; in the distance is the coastline and a blinding sun reflecting off the water.

Lasting reflections

My last days in Morocco are spent staying with a Berber family along the Hāhā coast. The village is certainly a far cry from life in the city. It’s a simple cluster of stone buildings. Goats and donkeys mosey around the yard, languid in the heat of the sun. The village overlooks the swelling ocean, and the tree-spangled cliffs that trace the shore.

I stroll along the beach with Mohammad. His three pet rescue goats potter along behind us, leaving a trail of hoof prints in the sand.

“We have nearly nothing” Mohammad says earnestly. “For example, I don’t have your passport. But if I choose to think only about that, I would cry. I would always be unhappy.”

Yet, Mohammad and his family show me Moroccan hospitality at its very best. They greet me like a long-lost family member, teach me how to cook traditional fish tajine, and take me to watch a breathtaking sunset over the coast.

It had become clear to me that freedom is not about what you do or don’t have. I finally had an answer for Badr’s question. There was only one thing standing between myself and freedom: me.

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Try something different   adventurous  cultural 

Excursions with Berber Travel Adventures are different from other tour experiences. You’ll encounter firsthand the beauty and hospitality of Moroccan culture by visiting real Berber homes in the villages of the High Atlas mountains south of Marrakech. You’ll spend an afternoon, two days, or more meeting the people and learning about their lives. Our excursions aren’t about camels and palm trees, but discovering another way of life.

Our Most Popular Excursions

Day trip from marrakech, marrakech day trip.

The perfect day trip from Marrakech, our most popular excursion will get you out hiking in the morning and back to the city by the evening, all while giving you a firsthand opportunity to experience Berber village life.

Weekly Berber Market

Weekly market.

Every Tuesday, experience the largest Berber weekly market (souk) in the region as villagers come to Amizmiz from miles around to sell their produce, livestock, meats, spices, packaged goods, clothing, and more.

Two Day Overnight

Stay overnight in the home of a Berber family while learning about the life, culture, and daily meals of the mountain villages. You’ll have plenty of face-to-face personal contact and get to see several Berber villages.

Sahara Excursions

Spend a number of days experiencing the beauty and culture of Morocco’s southern region. We can create an itinerary that gives you an unforgettable survey of Moroccan life on the edges of the Sahara Desert.

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We’ve hosted student groups and families with kids.

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We offer day trips or multi-day excursions.

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Local Berber working 20+ years with English-speaking groups. More >

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We can take couples, families, or large groups.

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Our excursions focus on cultural and human connections. More >

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Your tourism supports the local Amizmiz economy. More >

We’re not the only ones excited happy about our excursions...

Countless travellers from five continents have enjoyed our excursions. here are a few..

I would thoroughly recommend Berber Travel Adventures. You are not simply buying a hike you are buying a view through the doorway of Moroccan culture....It gave me a valuable insight into how one part of the world lives.
The family was very welcoming and nice, and it was interesting to see how they lived....Jamal was all the time very patient and kind and answered all our thousands of questions. He has great knowledge and is a very good guide.
We really enjoyed our two day trek....I wish we would have done a longer trek....Meeting the people in the Berber villages was really an adventure. They were always very friendly and inviting.
We liked the excursion very much. It was our first time in Morocco and now we have this photo on the wall in our house. The staff from Berber Travel Adventures took really good care of us.
We loved everything about the Atlas Mountains: the people, the place, our guide....We really felt so lucky to have seen such a beautiful part of Morocco with such a great guide.
A special treat was visiting two Berber villages en route....Our guide Jamal was friendly, helpful and spoke English very well....The hike was the highlight of our stay in Morocco. We can definitely recommend this tour to others.
We have trekked in several parts of the world....We appreciate the competence of Berber Travel Adventures....and we wouldn't have missed the beauty of the Atlas mountains and the warmth and hospitality of the Berber people for anything.

Phone ,WhatsApp, WeChat: +212 710 20 43 23 Email: [email protected]

Morocco Berber Travel organizes Private tours from Marrakech to explore Sahara desert in Zagora and Merzouga.

Enjoy Excursions from Marrakech in day trip to Essaouira , reserve Guided Casablanca culture tours, enjoy Camel ride in Sahara desert in private desert tour from Fez .

Private tours in Morocco , Excursions from Marrakech, Guided Merzouga desert tours , Camel ride in Sahara.

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Morocco Berber Travel organizes desert tours arouond Morocco to explore Morocco Sahara desert in Zagora or Merzouga.

Reserve online our Day excursions from Marrakech to Essaouira , have a look at our Casablanca culture tours , explore desert in camel ride in Sahara desert and enjoy private desert tour from Tangier .

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You may wish to Explore and spend unforgettable moments in Marrakech as The first destination and Experience for most of Travellers, very recommended place to visit during your holiday in Morocco . Get to the red city, then transfer you to the riad or hotel where you can enjoy a stay. Marrakech with a choice of experiencing a stay at luxury hotels or old authentic Riads where no need for a taxi to go sightseeing in the Medina. The old part in Marrakech has beautiful hotels for your vacations, and the big square, Jemaa el- Fnaa is inside where a Travellers and locals share the same atmosphere with storytellers, Musicians, snake charmers, Acrobats,Gnaoua(black people in Africa).Marrakech is classified as the best and top destination in Africa,because of  its charm and historical monuments and beautiful souks.

Marrakech is in a position which gives the chance  for a day trips  and authentic  Sahara desert excursions tour with camel trekking to a different corners in Morocco.we organize Marrakech day Excursions to: The Atlas mountains which are just one hour drive from the city.up there you get to have beautiful sceneries of the valleys,old Berber villages where you can stop for a mint tea with a family. To the waterfalls Ouzoud,the most spectacular cascade in north Africa within the Atlas mountains. Road of the Kasbahs(Ait Benhaddou kasbah),through which you cross the highest mountains in north Africa with the highest pass(2260m) overthere very old villages dominated by majestic Berber kasbahs.

Ourika valley, not to  far from Marrakech,could be done the whole day or just half a day with its beautiful contrast of landscapes. Discover Marrakech:a guided Medina tour including the old part with its monuments, souks and big square Jemaa el- Fnaa.for a half a day or an extended tour.


Marrakech private desert tours and excursions day trips with camel treks. Morocco Berber Travel is a local Moroccan company licensed by Ministry of Tourism for a small group desert tour and Morocco private desert tour including 3,4,5 Days 2,3,4 night From Marrakech to Erg Chebbi and from Marrakech to Erg Chegaga,Zagora desert Tours as well. Our Marrakech private desert tours is available everydays include the pick up time and drop off from you riad / hotel. All our Morocco private desert tours include Private vehicle 4x4 Toyota Land cruise, Prado,(Or similar) Or large vehicle Depending on number of participations.

All the vehicles are equipped with seat belts and v/c. You may wish to Explore and spend unforgettable moments in Marrakech as The first destination and Experience  for the most of Travellers,Local Moroccan company is specialist in arranging Marrakech day trips ,Excursions, offering private Morocco desert tours, Marrakech day trips, Marrakech Holidays, Marrakech Excursions, Marrakech private desert tours via Atlas mountains, family tours all kind of morocco adventure tours,VIP High quality service, Tours from Fez via Erg chabbi Sahara desert dunes including unforgettable atmosphere in the middle of Sahara desert under  the stars in the sky telling Berber jokes playing drums Around the fire. We do trips from Marrakech, Sahara desert, Fez to the desert, and from every imperial city, all Good things to Experience in Marrakech Or Things to do in Morocco.

Morocco Berber travel promises from the beginning to arrange a good quality service of best morocco travel with a strong efforts from our stuff the Guides and the drivers, the team from the office as well.

Our aim is to show to tourists around about the Authentic Moroccan culture, unique experience, premium morocco services, Private desert tours in Africa, Moroccan new year desert tours with camel Treks from Marrakech, Fez Or Casablanca .Morocco Luxury tours from different Moroccan areas, tours in Morocco, Morocco tours, we are expert for Morocco travelling experience, we can help you to discover Moroccan Atlas mountains, imperial cities and Sahara desert tours. We have diversity of Tours, private Or group tours  in morocco starting every day, we can pick you up anywhere From Marrakech,Casablanca,Fez,Chefchaouen,Rabat,Meknes,Agadir,Ouarzazate……

 Morocco Berber travel is local  travel Moroccan agency licensed by the ministry of tourism and transport, specialist in arranging authentic holidays in Morocco. We Rely on Local culture Historical cities, confortable accommodations in Luxury Riads beautiful 5stars Hotels with delicious Moroccan food. we can arrange the Morocco tours for couples, families, friends and colleagues, women travelling alone, students, independent travelers, and Morocco Private Group tours. Our professional team focuses on satisfactions of our travelers.


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Morocco Berber Travel - All You Need to Know BEFORE You Go (2024)

Berber Adventures in Morocco

Berber Adventure Tours - your once in a lifetime trip

Berber adventure tours organises adventurous hiking trips in the Moroccan Sahara from Merzouga or Zagora

“Imagine waking up to total silence, the first rays of sunlight peaking over the sand dunes next to your tent. After a simple breakfast of fresh bread, olives and tea, you will walk through landscapes that most people will never set their eyes on. Sand dunes, dried up river beds and bare mountains showing layers that are millions of years old.”

Hike with us in the Moroccan Sahara

You are looking for a very special adventure? A trip most people won’t dare to take?

Then come hike with us in the Sahara!

We offer private once-in-a-lifetime, multi-day desert hiking in Morocco, far away from civilization. Trek with us in a way the Berber nomads have travelled for centuries. With only the absolute necessities, supported by our trusted camels we will take you on a trip you will never forget !

Desert hiking in Morocco, follow the footsteps of the Berber people on our multi-day hiking trips in the Sahara.

Ramadan group tour march.

3 days/2 nights, from Merzouga. Stay in an auberge with shorter and longer guided hikes for all ages and fitness levels.

Evenings with music and bonfire, but otherwise enjoying the quiet of the desert.

320€ per person, meals included (no drinks except tea).

March 22-24 2024

Option to add camp and/or camel ride in Merzouga.

morocco berber travel

What our clients say:

Berber Adventure Tours

“What can I say? Walking through the desert, experiencing the pure beauty of the Sahara and being part of a real caravan with warm-hearted and lovely crew members made this trip simply unforgettable. The crew members made it possible to let me dive into their culture and it still fills me up with great thankfulness.”

morocco berber travel

"If you are thinking about doing a trek with camels through the Sahara, I can only say: “Do it”! It was a very special experience, a great tour with a great group. It was incredibly strenuous and incredibly beautiful at the same time. During the hike, I was able to completely switch off from my otherwise stressful everyday life and relax completely through the almost meditative walking, which is something I have never experienced before."

morocco berber travel

„We really couldn’t have asked for more during our first visit to Morocco! Eva, Hassan and Saïd provided us with the perfect mix to make this trip unforgettable: walking through the dunes with camels, sleeping in an oasis, exploring Merzouga and drinking tea with nomads. If you are wondering if you would go on this adventure, I can only say that is worth all of it and that you will go home with memories that will last a lifetime!"

morocco berber travel

Hiking from Merzouga

Merzouga, and the desert surrounding it, is our home turf! So expect to hike away from the crowds of overnight tourists. Come on one of our multi-day desert hikes and enjoy the best views the area has to offer. And be amazed by the night sky with millions of stars.

morocco berber travel

Hiking from Zagora

Zagora is easy to reach by bus from Marrakech, making this a convenient starting point for a multi-day desert hike. Starting in the beautiful Jebel Bani mountain range, making our way towards the dunes of Erg Chigaga and the Draa river valley. This is the hike that started Eva's love for the desert in Morocco.

morocco berber travel

Long distance hiking

If you are interested in a longer desert hike, we know just the place! The stretch between Zagora and Merzouga offers breath-taking landscapes and a lot of variety. You will not get bored, no matter if you choose to trek with us for 5 or 16 days.

We have a passion for multi-day hiking and adventure and we are ready to share this love with you!

If you’ve never been to the desert, let me tell you, it is much more diverse than you’d think. There is everything from rocky plains and dried up river beds to the high sand dunes everyone pictures. Our multi-day desert hiking tours in Morocco are designed to show you as much diversity as possible. And believe me, no one wants to walk through the sand dunes for 5 days in a row! 

As our tours need to stay flexible to adjust to weather conditions and fitness of the group, we cannot give you very detailed information until we know your preferred dates and group details.

Our desert hiking trips can start from Zagora, Merzouga or anywhere in between. The duration can be anything from 3 days to 3 weeks of hiking. We use camels to transport luggage, tents, food, water etc. You will only have to carry your day pack with your water, camera, etc. It is also possible to book a riding camel for an additional fee.

Our minimum group size is 2 people, maximum 10. If your group is bigger than this, please get in touch anyways and we will see if we can work something out.

morocco berber travel

The combination of Hassan’s local knowledge and connections with Eva’s first hand experience hiking like this in the desert (and her being German with a natural focus on punctuality, thoroughness and follow through ) makes us your perfect choice!

We have a deep love for the desert and a deep love for planning – giving you the luxury of relaxing while we make your adventure dream come true.

All inclusive service

From providing camping equipment and all food and drinks to picking the perfect route for you, we take care of everything .

You just have to provide us with some details about your group , your planned length of stay and your travel dates and we will take care of the rest.

During the hike you will get 3 meals per day, snacks and of course 24/7 guidance and assistance .


We believe in climate change and are trying hard to reduce our impact in this. We reduce plastic, take all our waste with us from the desert and even collect trash we find along our way.

Also, we source everything we can locally and make sure your money stays here, where it’s needed.

And, we use camels, not cars , to transport the luggage and food during the hike.

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Vision Berbère | Voyager Autrement Au Maroc

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Welcome to Vision Berber, your age of travel for excursions in Marrakech and the Moroccan desert. We have unique experiences and personalities to offer you among the wonders of Morocco. Book your main tenant for your excursion with Berber Vision for an unforgettable event!

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Marrakech Desert Excursion

Explore the Moroccan desert with our circuit departing from Marrakech. Our guided tour will take you through the magnificent desert landscapes, where you can admire the golden sand dunes, lush oases, and majestic mountains. You'll also have the opportunity to meet the local people and discover their culture and way of life. We offer a variety of options to meet your needs and preferences, from day trips to longer expeditions. Our experienced and professional guides will ensure that your journey into the Sahara desert is an unforgettable experience. Book your trip now with Berber Vision to discover the Moroccan desert like never before!

Des voyages à thème et des circuits variés au départ de Marrakech

Nous proposons un large éventail d'excursions et de circuits passionnants qui vous permettront de découvrir la beauté naturelle et la richesse culturelle du Maroc. Nous sommes heureux de proposer des expériences spéciales qui vous permettront d'explorer les paysages à couper le souffle , telles que nos excursions en 4x4 dans le désert et nos randonnées à pieds et en circuits de VTT. Nos conseillers compétents vous accompagneront tout au long de votre voyage et vous transmettront leurs connaissances de l'histoire et de la culture marocaines. Il est temps de réserver votre circuit idéal et d'explorer les merveilles du Maroc.

Thalasso-Wellness, Hammam hike & traditional treatments

Thalasso-Wellness, Hammam hike & traditional treatments

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Welcome to our travel agency's top destinations section, where we showcase some of the most breathtaking and awe-inspiring places you can visit in Morocco. From the bustling city of Marrakech, with its vibrant markets and stunning architecture, to the beautiful blue town of Chefchaouen, nestled in the Rif Mountains, we have something for everyone. If you're looking for an escape to the beach, why not head to Agadir, known for its golden sands and crystal-clear waters? Or explore the ancient ruins of Volubilis, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and discover the rich history of this beautiful country. For those seeking adventure, we recommend hiking in the Atlas Mountains, where you can experience the beauty of Morocco's natural landscape up close. And if you're a foodie, be sure to sample some of the delicious Moroccan cuisine, like tagine and couscous, while you're here. No matter what your interests are, our travel agency is here to help you plan your dream trip to Morocco. Contact us today to start planning your unforgettable journey.

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Guardians of the Past: Meet Morocco’s Berbers

by Leanne Williams | 13 Jun 2023

Morocco – a land of diverse landscapes and vibrant cultures, from the Atlas Mountains to the Sahara Desert – boasts a rich tapestry of history and heritage. At the heart of this cultural mosaic lies the Berbers, or Amazigh people, the oldest inhabitants of North Africa.

To learn more about their culture, we spoke with Zahra, a Berber and this week’s Insightful destination expert .

“It’s an eye-opening experience for visitors to discover the genuine life of our people, one of the oldest ethnic groups on earth,” Zahra says.


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The Berber tribes have deep historical roots in North and sub-Saharan Africa, going back more than 20,000 years and pre-dating the Arab conquest of the region. Called the Amazigh which means ‘Free Men’, they’re the descendants of the indigenous tribes who inhabited the area for thousands of years.

“It is important to talk about my home life and share my culture because it is the best and most authentic way to make Morocco, Berber culture and Amazigh people known to the world,” Zahra says. “This gives an authentic and genuine chance to get to know how a big proportion of Moroccans lead their daily life.”

With a population exceeding 10 million, Berbers constitute a significant segment of Morocco’s society, with their own language and cultural traditions. Some are nomadic, some are sedentary and they’re a mix of Muslims, Christians and Jews.

The influence of Berbers can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as the Carthaginians and the Romans, who recognized and interacted with the Berber tribes.

For travel inspiration: Morocco destination guide


Zahra and her family live the Valley of Ourika in south Marrakech. Home to hundreds of Berber, or Amazigh families, the Ourika valley stretches for 68 km and is among the most beautiful and green valleys of Morocco.

Zahra was born and raised in the village. She got married at an early age, through an arranged marriage, as is typical in rural areas of Morocco. She has five children, two boys and three girls, all of them married now. Her husband sadly passed away a few years ago.

Zahra’s house is made of earth, beaten clay and straw and called an ‘adobe house’. Her first son lives with her as per tradition. Often, when their first son marries, Berbers build an annex or add another floor to their house, where he brings his new wife. Zahra’s house now hosts a family of six, with the addition of her daughter-in-law Fatima. Her other children live in the same village with their families.

You might also be interested to read: 11 of the most unique and beautiful cultures around the world, in pictures


Despite being the oldest inhabitants of North Africa, Berbers have had to fight to safeguard their identity. They have had a long struggle for their political and linguistic recognition and the integration of Berber tribes into modern Moroccan society has been an ongoing process.

With the country’s independence in 1956, Morocco underwent significant political and social changes that allowed for the recognition and inclusion of the Berber identity and culture.

With language playing a crucial role in preserving their identity, one key milestone in this integration was the constitutional reform of 2011, which officially recognized Tamazight, the most widely spoken Amazigh or Berber language, as a national language.

And in June 2019, lawmakers unanimously approved a bill confirming the language’s official status, alongside Arabic. This mandated its inclusion in education, media and public life.


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“I think it is an eye-opening experience for people to discover how simple the life of Berber people is,” Zahra explains. “It is not poverty, but it is very basic. But we always have smiles on our faces.”

Berber, or Amazigh, cultural heritage is characterized by a strong attachment to the land and a deep respect for nature. They don’t have the extravagant materials of the urban centers but still they live happily. Their expenditures are not high, and Berbers are also exempt from paying taxes.

You may also enjoy reading: From Islamic to art deco: A rich history of Moroccan architecture



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After the death of Zahra’s husband who was a farmer, it’s her eldest son who supports the family. “We own about 15 olive trees and around November the trees are harvested,” Zahra explains. “I grind the olives and sell the olive oil, and I also sell honey from our beehives.”

Every Monday morning Zahra rides her donkey to the Ourika souk, considered the biggest souk of The High Atlas Mountains. The souk is the market, a commercial occasion and also a social hub for the Berbers. As early as 05:00 people head to the souk, park their donkeys at the donkey parking, before spending the whole day buying and selling.

“It is a day of socializing, as well as work. All the news is spread at the Souk,” Zahra explains. “We meet and share all the gossip of the village. The religious counselor is there as well, and who ever getting married or divorced goes there to his tent.”


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Berber tribes have maintained their distinct cultural practices through generations. And handing on their values and culture to future generations is of vital importance.

Craftsmanship, such as weaving, pottery and jewelry-making, has found its place in the modern Moroccan economy. Traditional crafts have gained international recognition, sought after by tourists and collectors alike, and by supporting local artisans, the modern market has provided economic opportunities and a platform for the Amazigh people to showcase their heritage.

Traditional music, such as the rhythmic beats of the bendir (a type of frame drum) and the soulful melodies of the imzad (a single-stringed violin-like instrument) provides a glimpse into the depth of their artistic expression.

One of the great traditions of the Amazigh communities is the ‘Awash’. This dance and music performance usually takes place in a town square, bringing people together for family weddings and celebrations.

You may also enjoy: Of all the gin joints: the fascinating tale behind Rick’s cafe in Casablanca


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Cuisine is of course another noteworthy, delicious, and world-famous aspect of Amazigh culture. Tagine, a savory slow-cooked stew, and the national dish couscous are examples of their culinary heritage. Dishes reflect the influence of the diverse landscapes and agricultural traditions of the Berber people.

The traditional Berber breakfast is also a highlight. “Traditionally speaking, the breakfast consists of freshly wood oven baked bread, pancakes and homemade butter,” she explains. “It’s also served with virgin olive oil, olives, honey from our own beehives and of course the inevitable mint tea with freshly picked up mint from the backyard.”

You can also test your travel knowledge against Zahra and other Insightful destination experts. Each week, our Insightful Trivia Game challenges you with a quiz to win a monthly travel prize.

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Morocco Travel

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Berber Culture and Etiquette

morocco berber travel

The Berber people, also known as Amazigh, are an indigenous group , they are one of the oldest cultures in North Africa and pre date the Arabs. Berbers are well-known for their welcoming nature.

Berber culture and history is one of the primary influences on modern Moroccan culture, shaping the customs, cuisine, artwork, and more.

By learning more about Berber culture and heritage, you will not only deepen your understanding of Morocco and its culture, but also appreciate the rich and vibrant part of its history.

Your visit to Morocco can become even more meaningful and memorable when you have a greater appreciation of its cultural heritage.

Table of Contents

Berber History

Long before the Arabs arrived in northwest Africa, bringing with them Arabic language, culture, and the religion of Islam, this area was home to the Berber people.

In the centuries after Arabs arrived in Northwest Africa, Berber culture incorporated new aspects such as Islam while maintaining language, art, cuisine, and many other cultural foundations.

The culture flourished, growing into two of the most powerful dynasties of Moroccan history, the Almoravids and Almohads.

These kingdoms not only ruled a large area of northwest Africa, but expanded into Spain as well. Despite many attempts by outsiders to colonize and control their land,

Berber Culture and Way of Life

While Berber people are often referred to collectively, there are actually dozens of distinct groups within this culture.

If you travel through different areas such as the Northern coast, the Rif Mountains , the High, Middle , and Low Atlas, and the Sahara , you will notice variation in language, clothing, cooking, architecture, social structure, marriage customs, and style of communication.

For example, many women in the Sahara region wear breezy, brightly covered shawls that cover their bodies and heads, and can be adjusted easily to shield their faces from the sun or sand.

sahara culture

Women in the Rif mountain area often wear wide-brimmed straw hats and long dresses with thick red and white striped blankets tied around their waist, ideally suited to cooler mountain climates and farm work.

In Morocco women tend to be covered and many wear a veil. As a westerner you would not be expected to wear a headscarf or veil but you would be expected to dress in a respectable manner. This means no skimpy tops or shorts which is offensive.

There is a common misconception by foreigners that Berbers are mostly desert nomads who use camels to get around. Berber traders have indeed been essential to trans-Sahara trade routes, but this is not universal.

sahara desert

In fact, throughout history many Moroccan Berber people have been small-scale farmers and herdsman, since many of the mountainous and coastal areas receive sufficient rainfall to support grain, fruit, olive trees, almonds, vegetables, and grazing animals.

The type of crops grown and animals raised different depending on the climate, geography, and cultural preferences of each region.

Today, some people continue to farm, while others have moved to cities and pursued careers as business owners, restaurateurs, doctors, politicians, and more.

Berber Culture Art and Music

berber music

Artistry is an important aspect of Berber culture and varies across regions.

Berber Carpet

Art is most often incorporated into useful items such as rugs, pottery, clothing, jewelry, furniture, and architecture.

You might see intricately carved and painted woodwork, tapestries with fringes or geometric designs, handmade silver jewelry, or dishes with bright, colorful designs.

Similarly, music is ubiquitous in Berber culture and is an essential part of celebrations such as weddings and holidays. It might include flutes, drums, string instruments, and singing, and may be accompanied by dancing

Music styles are highly localized – they sometimes even differ between nearby villages! If you are traveling throughout the country, make a point to notice how styles of art and music change.

Berber Festivals

Some Berber festivals have become particularly well-known in Morocco. One of these is the Imilchil Marriage Festival , held each September in the Middle Atlas Mountains by Berber tribes of the Aït Yaazza culture.

Nearly 30,000 people from surrounding villages assemble to feast, dance, socialize and give young people a chance to look for a spouse.

If a man and woman wish to marry, they will meet together with their families, and if all goes well, marry later on in one of their villages.

imilchil Wedding Festival

In the past, it was closed to outsiders, but is now open to visitors and tourists. This festival reflects the beliefs of some Berber cultures that young men and women should have freedom to choose who to marry. This belief is widely held in Morocco.

berber bride

Fantasia is another festival rooted in Berber traditions.

Fantasia at BeniMellal

There are also Fantasia dinner shows catering to tourists who want to see it.

In addition to local festivals, nearly all Berber people celebrate the Islamic holidays of Ramadan, Eid al Fitr, Eid al Kabir, and Ashura.

Berber Language

The language of the Amazigh is known as Tamazight. Originally, it was one language, but over millennia has diverged into at least thirty distinct languages and hundreds of dialects.

Tamazight is primarily a spoken language, but it has had its own alphabet and writing system for approximately 2,500 years.

While Arabic is widely spoken in Morocco, multiple Berber languages are also spoken, written, and taught by millions of people, and you’ll often see schools and government buildings with names listed prominently in Arabic and Amazigh.

Today, nearly all Moroccan Berbers are Muslim. In the 9th and 10th century, Arab traders and colonizers arrived in the region, bringing Islam with them. Prior to that, most Berbers were Christian or Jewish, and some followed local animist faiths.

Berber Hospitality

Berber ospitaliity

Berber hospitality is famous and it is very common to be invited to the home of someone. It is customary to remove your shoes on entry to a home.If you visit a home you will be offered sweet mint tea and often a meal.

Be careful what you admire in the home as it is often given to you as a gift if you show too much appreciation. It is also customary to take a gift to a home if you are invited and sweet pastries are most acceptable.

Berber culture is renowned through the world and you will experience hospitality that is unforgettable and a unique part of your stay.

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The essential guide: 10 must-do experiences in marrakech.

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  • Architecture , Berber culture , Berbers , Camel Treks , Culture , Destinations , Food , Garden , Gastronomy , Marrakech , Natural beauty of Morocco , Ourika Valley , Parks
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As an American exploring the vibrant city of Marrakech, you’re in for a sensory overload of colors, aromas, and sounds. Nestled at the foothills of the Atlas Mountains, Marrakech is a melting pot of cultures, blending Berber, Arab, and French influences. Here are the top 10 experiences to make your visit unforgettable:

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A nomadic Moroccan rides a camel in the desert under a starry sky, searching for the moon to signal the start of Ramadan.

Morocco, a land of vibrant colors, rich history, and enchanting landscapes, offers travelers a unique opportunity to immerse themselves in the spirit of Ramadan. As the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, Ramadan holds significant cultural and religious importance for Muslims worldwide. For travelers, visiting Morocco during Ramadan unveils a tapestry of traditions, rituals, and culinary delights, albeit with its own set of advantages and disadvantages.

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A photograph showcasing the Arch of Triumph in Volubilis, Morocco, standing proudly against a clear blue sky. The ancient stone archway, adorned with intricate carvings, serves as a captivating reminder of Roman architecture and the rich history of the region. #Volubilis #Morocco #Archaeology #Travel

Welcome fellow adventurers, to a journey back in time to the captivating ruins of Volubilis, a UNESCO World Heritage Site nestled in the heart of Morocco. Join me as we unravel the mysteries of this ancient Roman city and marvel at the majestic Arch of Triumph that stands as a testament to its glorious past.

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A picturesque scene of a camel caravan making its way back to camp in Merzouga, Morocco, against the backdrop of a stunning desert sunset. Silhouetted camels traverse the sandy dunes, creating a sense of tranquility and adventure. #Merzouga #CamelCaravan #DesertSunset #Travel

Have you ever dreamt of traversing the vast expanse of the desert under the star-studded sky, surrounded by the whispers of sand dunes? Look no further than the mesmerizing Merzouga Desert in Morocco, where an unforgettable adventure awaits on the back of a camel.

Exploring Moroccan Culinary Artistry: A Journey through Marrakech’s Museum

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Image showcasing a variety of tagines, colorful Moroccan salads, and assorted fruits.

Nestled within the labyrinthine streets of Marrakech’s ancient medina, adjacent to the illustrious Bahia Palace, lies a hidden gem that beckons culinary enthusiasts and culture aficionados alike – the Moroccan Culinary Art Museum. As I stepped through its grandiose doors, I embarked on a sensory voyage through the rich gastronomic heritage of the kingdom.

Kasbah Beldi: Tranquil Escape near Marrakech

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Nestled amidst the majestic Atlas Mountains, just a stone’s throw away from Marrakech, lies the captivating Kasbah Beldi. Crafted by the Beldi Country Club, this serene sanctuary was once a thriving farm, cultivating olives, grapes, and vegetables. Today, it stands as a testament to Morocco’s rich heritage, blending traditional charm with modern comforts to offer guests an unforgettable escape.

Exploring the Saffron Paradise: A Journey to Christine Ferrari’s Garden

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  • Berber culture , Berbers , Destinations , Garden , Gastronomy , Marrakech , Ourika Valley , Parks

morocco berber travel

Tucked away in the idyllic Ourika Valley near Marrakech lies the captivating Saffron Paradise Garden. A haven of tranquility and natural beauty, it boasts vibrant saffron blooms and lush greenery, offering visitors a serene escape from the city’s hustle and bustle. Wander through its winding paths to immerse yourself in the rich history of saffron cultivation, and indulge your senses in the allure of Morocco’s countryside.

Discovering Serenity at the Bio Aromatic Garden of Ourika

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  • Berber culture , Berbers , Destinations , Events , Garden , Gastronomy , Marrakech , Natural beauty of Morocco , Ourika Valley , Parks

morocco berber travel

Nestled amidst the breathtaking landscapes of Morocco, where the rugged High Atlas Mountains meet the lush valley of Ourika, lies a hidden treasure: the Ourika Bio Aromatic Garden. Established in 1998, this enchanting garden is not just a haven for biodiversity but also a testament to sustainable living and holistic wellness.

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Riad La Maospn Blue In Fez, Fes, Morocco; Moroccan Riads: Architectural Marvels

In the heart of Morocco’s bustling cities and nestled within labyrinthine medinas lie hidden gems: Moroccan Riads. These traditional courtyard homes are characterized by intricate architecture and serene inner sanctuaries. Riads are more than just accommodations; they embody Moroccan hospitality and architectural excellence. Moroccan Riads: Experiencing Timeless Hospitality and Architectural Marvels invites you to immerse yourself in a world where history, tradition, and luxury converge seamlessly.

Morocco Cultural Exploration, A Timeless Charm

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  • Architecture , Berber culture , Berbers , Culture , Gastronomy , Marrakech , Rabat
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morocco berber travel

Embarking on a journey through Morocco is like entering a living tale, where echoes of centuries past resonate in vibrant cities like Marrakech, Fes, Meknes, and Rabat. Each cobblestone street and bustling market unveils a chapter of Morocco’s rich cultural heritage, offering an unparalleled immersive travel experience. Read this article for Morocco cultural exploration and travel tips:

morocco berber travel

Berber Nomads in Morocco

Berbers or imazighen.

Berber Nomads in Morocco:   Berbers (Amazighs, Imazighen, in the Berber Language) are the ethnic group indigenous to North Africa. They are distributed in an area stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Siwa Oasis in Egypt, and from the Mediterranean Sea to the Niger River. Mountain Berbers live in houses made of mud bricks or cement. However, the wandering desert Berbers Nomads use black tents made of goat and camel hair that can be easily loaded onto camels for the journey across the desert. The tents are simple affairs held up with wooden poles and have no floors.

Sahara Nomads

Berbers in Morocco

The Berbers are known for their close connection to the land, often living in the mountains and desert regions of countries like Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and others. Traditionally, they have been skilled farmers, herders, and traders, adapting to the challenging environments in which they reside. Over time, the Berber people have experienced influences from different civilizations and cultures, contributing to their rich and diverse heritage. Today, many Berbers continue to preserve their traditions, while also engaging with the modern world.

Berber Villages in Atlas Mountains

In Morocco’s Atlas Mountains, Berber villages are like special places with a long-lasting magic. Fields that look like stairs and houses made of mud bricks show a beautiful mix of old ways and nature. People’s lives here are all about working together on farms and being friendly to guests. Berber villages are strong and unique, like safe spots where the old and new come together in Morocco’s rich mix of cultures

Berber Village in Atlas Mountains

Berbers in the Sahara Desert

In the Moroccan Sahara, Berbers, or Amazigh, exhibit diverse lifestyles broadly categorized into two groups. The first embraces a semi-modern existence, constructing houses, working in fossil fields, engaging in agriculture, and contributing to tourism. The second group maintains a traditional nomadic lifestyle , embodying mobility and seasonal migration in search of grazing grounds for their livestock. These contrasting lifestyles highlight the adaptability and cultural richness of the Berber community in the Sahara

Berber Mud House: A Look at a Special Home in the Sahara

Berber Nomads in Sahara Desert

morocco berber travel

Men are dressed in typical Berber blue clothing. The tough conditions of the Sahara desert prevented any serious attempt at agricultural development. For this reason, the Berbers preferred to lead a nomadic rather than sedentary lifestyle. This mobile lifestyle is central to their culture, which is perhaps why they refer to themselves as “free people.”

Men and boys take care of the livestock. Women raise the children, cook, and make  handicrafts  – first for their personal use, and secondly for sale in regional open-air market places called souks. The Berber tribes are famous for  woven carpets  and rugs, especially those living close to, or in Morocco. The tapestry designs reflect the traditional customs and origins of each tribe. While mountain Berbers grow crops and raise animals on mountain terraced slopes, nomads depend upon the herds of sheep, goats, and camels for meat, milk, and cheese. Hunting and gathering, following seasonally available wild plants and game, offers some variety to the daily diet.

Traditionally, the Berbers have used their unique ability to navigate the Sahara to act as key players in the trade network between North Africa and the Middle East. It is difficult to find your way through the faceless, sandy landscape of the Sahara desert. That’s why Berber in the Sahara are like Sailors on the high seas, they orient themselves by the stars. 

In addition, the Berbers have many stories and songs describing how to find small watering holes and a number of recognizable landmarks scattered across the desert.

Sahara Nomads

Social Structure of Berbers in Morocco

In terms of religion, the vast majority of Berbers are Muslim and have practiced their faith for centuries. But there are a few unique aspects of their culture that have survived cultural influences.

Berber society is centered on the concept of the tribe, which usually consists of extended family clans. Each tribe has its own leader. The chief is responsible for justice and the resolution of disputes, as well as making important decisions concerning the tribe.

Like other nomadic cultures, the Berber clans live in tents, which they set up when they find a good place to graze their animals. A particularly unique part of Berber culture is guest rights. When one receives food and water from the Berbers, he becomes their guest. In this case, the host takes responsibility for the safety of the guest.

It may seem strange from a Western perspective, but in a place where finding accommodation and water is a matter of life and death, hospitality is very important.

Private Tours to the Berber Nomads

Experience the magic of Morocco with our special tours to the Sahara Desert . Every private tour to the Sahara includes a unique stay with Berber nomads in Morocco. We will be welcomed at their black tents to enjoy Moroccan mint tea, and take a short tour to explore the lifestyle of nomads in the area

Berber Nomads, Morocco

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Morocco Top Trips is a travel agency located in Morocco. We specialize in planning holiday trips for individuals, groups and families. We have a wide variety of destinations and our trips are flexible and customizable to fit all needs.

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Morocco Top Trips  is a  travel agency specialized in private tours and vacation packages. We plan holiday trips for individuals and groups with the best travel deals. We have a variety of holiday destinations and our trips are flexible and customisable to make the best of your adventure tours.

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berber travel phrases for morocco

Berber Phrases for Travel to Morocco

Travelling to morocco maybe its time for some basic berber – tamazight travel phrases.

If you have already been to Morocco, then you know that French, although not being official language of Morocco, will get you a long way in communication with locals. If you have some knowledge of Arabic, even better. Those dependent on English language will notice that English is emerging in Morocco, specially in urban areas, yet you might still have problems when it comes to communication.

Although Berber Tamazight is not a mandatory language to grab on for Morocco trip,  maybe some basic, basic words will come handy, special when travelling Atlas region and Sahara.

Tamazight Language

Berber language also known as Tamazight has different varieties of languages spoken in Morocco and some parts of Northern Africa.

The varieties of Berber languages include Tarifit spoken in northern Morocco region of Rif, Tashelhiyt spoken in  the south, and some part of south west which includes High Atlas, Anti Atlas, and it also spoken in regions outside of High Atlas. Tamazight   is also spoken in central Morocco. All in all, according to statistics,  Tanazight is spoken by 20 to 25 million people.

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 The Berber languages have had a written tradition for over 2,000 years, they are written in the Tifinagh alphabet,the oldest dated inscription is from about 200 BC.

So below are few phrases that were translated by original Berber!

Tifinagh alphabet bereber language travel phrases morocco

Berber  Tamazight Greetings

  • Hi/ Hello:  azul
  • How are you? : mataànit ?
  • I am great! : labas
  • Good morning : sbah Lkhir
  • Good afternoon: ms lkhir
  • Good evening :ms lkhir
  • Good night : temsiwin
  • Good bye: layàwn
  • See you later : ar netmezra
  • Maybe : imken
  • I dont know : our ain’t
  • My name is….  : manismank
  • I come from Usa, uk : nkin sg USA U.K.
  • Thank you! : tanmert, Saha
  • You are welcome: mrehba

Tamazight berber travel phrases morocco

  • 13 tletaàch
  • 14 rbaàtaàch
  • 15 khemastaàch
  • 17 sbaàtach
  • 18 tmentaàch
  • 19 tsaàtach

Drinks, Food  and Moroccan Dishes

  • Coffee (with sugar / milk): lqehwa (nes nes / slehlib )
  • Tea (without sugar) : atag bla sukar
  • Orange juice : laàsir n limoun
  • Avocado juice : laàsir n lavoca
  • Olives : zitoun
  • Water : Amanda
  • Vegetable tagine : tagin s lekhdart
  • Beef tagine: tagin slbagri
  • Chicken tagine : tagin soufoulous
  • Bread : aghroum
  • Omelette: reflate
  • Dinner: Imenssi
  • Breakfast: leftour
  • Lunch: inklli
  • Moroccan salad : chalada
  • Other Moroccan dishes: àfak kan lamakla Yasmin n marroc, Tgalya, Seksou
  • Ahrir : soup
  • Cheers! : besha ,stsant
  • Spices: laàtrya
  • Cinnamon : lqerfa
  • Saffron : zaàfran
  • Cumin : takamimt
  • Salt : tesant
  • Sugar : Sukar
  • How much is it?  Mechta
  • Its too expensive! Ighla bezaf
  • Can I get a discount? Imkan atnaqst
  • Deal! : Netafq
  • How much is this carpet: chehal taxrbit
  • leather shoes: idoukan ifsousn
  • scarf:  zif
Also read: Moroccan Souqs Trekking in Dades Valley With Berber Mountain Guide Cooking Tagine in Essaoura

Days of the week

  • Saturday : sbit
  • Sunday: lhed
  • Monday : Letnin
  • Tuesday : tllati
  • Wednesday: latbeà
  • Thursday : lekhmis
  • Friday : jemaà
  • Tomorrow : asks
  • Today : adder
  • Yesterday: asnat
  • Taxi : taxi
  • Grand taxi station : taxi takhatart
  • Bus station : lmahta nlkiran
  • Desert : Sehrra
  • i got lost. : Zlir
  • Canyon : Agni
  • Gorge: taghya
  • Road : abrid


  • You are beautiful.: tehlit
  • I like you. Tehlit ghori
  • I love you. Righk

Translations provided by Ilias,Mountain Bereber Guide.

About the Author: Nina Zara

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I love this post! Thanks for sharing!

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Great post! Tanmirt for sharing

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Hi Nina, I would love to chat to you about Morocco and your experiences. Pls email me ☺️

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Hi Chels, thanks for stopping by. I wish i could, but I am very busy and really dont have time atm, If you are looking latest experiences from Morocco from this year, i saw many fellow travel bloggers publishing online tones of material on just about every destination in Morocco.

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Exploring the Rich Cultural Heritage and Natural Wonders In Morocco Tours

I. introduction to morocco tours.

Morocco is an amazingly diverse and complex country, with a rich cultural heritage and a natural environment that takes in mountains, deserts, and fertile plains at the frontiers of the African continent and the Atlantic Ocean.  The Morocco tours and holiday packages  have been designed to offer a comprehensive view of this wonderful land, with a carefully chosen itinerary taking in all of the highlights as well as some little-known secrets and places off the beaten track.  The Morocco vacation packages  are flexible, with time allowed for relaxation and free exploration, and most packages offer a range of optional activities to suit your special interests.

All the Morocco tours are fully escorted by a guide who is an expert in the amazing history, rich culture, and fabulous natural environment of the country. Our guides are all carefully selected Moroccan nationals who will ensure you enjoy a truly unforgettable experience and bring the unique atmosphere of the land right to your fingertips, with insight and understanding as deep as their love for the country! This is the best way to make sure you get the very most from your Morocco travel opportunities, and to enjoy a safe and relaxing vacation in this wonderful land of adventure and surprises.

A. What makes Morocco a top tourist destination?

Morocco, with its rich culture, fascinating history, and warm and sunny climate, is a beguiling destination for holidaymakers, explorers, and travelers. It is at a grand crossroads of Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. It is known to many as an Islamic country, but it offers secular pleasures to enchant even the most seasoned traveler. From the ancient splendors of its imperious, walled medinas to its extraordinary feats of architecture and building techniques, Morocco’s past and present civilizations are united like strands of different colored wool. Its cities are its hub, rich in tradition, art, gastronomy, and shopping. Its coast, lined with sandy, beautiful beaches, testifies to Morocco’s favor with generations of tourists.

The Atlas Mountains and other mountainous regions of the country are a natural treasure. The mountains are the playground of the Moroccan people and a magnet for visitors in search of excitement and adventure. The mountain ranges are home to the last native habitats of the Berber people, and they are adjacent to the Sahara Desert, with its oases, kasbahs, dunes, and varied terrain. The Moroccan country offers the pleasures of hiking, trekking, or skiing with day-trips attended by local guides. For the more discerning explorer, Morocco offers fascinating fossils and minerals, hiding in caves or under desert sand, not to mention paleontological sites little known to the rest of the world. Remarkable medieval engineering feats force water downhill to create bountiful gardens and delightful terraces, providing an unforgettable parade of changing landscape colors. In addition to its unique landscapes, Morocco’s local dishes and regional wines demonstrate to connoisseurs that Morocco produces not only world-class gourmet food but is also a forward-looking, budding viticultural producer, extending its appeal towards dedicated food and wine enthusiasts

B. The diverse landscapes of Morocco

The diverse landscapes of Morocco make it an extraordinary destination. A Morocco tour begins in ancient cities like Fez, Rabat, Marrakech, and Meknes. These areas have been part of the Moroccan landscape for centuries and they haven't changed much in that time. They are not cities with some ruins, they are cities of ancient carvings and mint tea, crafts and mosques, gardens and lifestyle. Modern Morocco is equally appealing. The pulse of the city, with its bustling markets and crowded cafes and bars, will be something that you can never forget in your life. And once you leave the city, other destinations await.

Lush oases and old kasbahs with their charming ambiance await amongst the rolling hills that characterize the landscape of Morocco. The High Atlas and the Sahara area in the south will take your breath away with its stunning natural beauty. The European legacy adds a touch to their appeal. Roman ruins line up along long-deserted coasts, and France's short colonial legacy has also left an unforgettable mark on cities such as Rabat and Casablanca. The scenery here is spectacular. Cities such as those, with their significant ambiance, including Marrakesh, a metropolis full of charm, will undoubtedly make a perfect beginning to your Moroccan trip.

C. Best time visit Morocco tours

Morocco is an all-season travel destination and is as enchantingly mystical in winter as it is effervescent and bursting with life in summer. The best time to visit Morocco depends on the activities you have in mind. It is because the winter and summer experiences in Morocco are completely different. Located in the northern zone, Morocco has a typical Mediterranean climate with subtle differences in the temperatures from one city to another. It can actually snow in one part of the country, and you can enjoy outdoor sunny beaches in the same country at the same time.

II. Popular Destinations for Morocco Tours

Questions and that is the adaptability and multi-purpose application. The natural wonders and enchanting landscapes form the perfect backdrop of any cultural and discovery vacation. Centuries and millennia of tours in Morocco have left us with a rich array of artifacts and influences just waiting for discovery and admiration. Although the main centers for Morocco tours are Rabat, Fez, Meknes, Marrakesh, and Casablanca, there are many other equally pleasing places to be visited and activities to be performed and enjoyed. A four-day experience of the Secrets of Southern Kasbah for visiting the villages of Telouet and Ait Benhaddou, then making a 2-hour drive to reach the Kasbah of Glaoui and Tizarine on our way to Agdz. Studio Route will explore the fascinating Route of the Thousand Kasbahs, the stunning Skoura palmery, the Valley of the Roses, and the unexpected eastern slopes of the High Atlas Mountain.

Morocco tours offer both all-inclusive tours and testifiers with tailored itineraries, dedicated to showcasing the best of Morocco. They also feature advice about Moroccan customs, climate, traditions, safety, the marketplace, and more. With the region from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the High Atlas in the east, Morocco offers captivating scenery and exotic cultural attractions to ensure that your travel dollars are well spent. There is something for everyone to enjoy and numerous activities to do while touring Morocco with either family or friends. Iconic cities like Chefchaouen and other ancient cities also offer the opportunity to hone in on the unique traditions and fascination, making for a truly memorable experience. Home-cooked feasts also serve as a perfect special treat. There are traditional activities like bread baking and school visits, located near the Atlas Mountains or even a night out in a Berber village where guests can also participate in scrubbing the Tunisian method.

A. Discovering the ancient city of Marrakech

Listed by CNN in 2017 as one of the best tourist destinations in the world, Marrakech is brimming with architectural jewels, many of which have been recognized as World Heritage by UNESCO. This fascinating city has something for everyone. It offers wonderful experiences to travelers who love history, gastronomy, and nature, as well as to anyone wanting to relax in a sophisticated and refined atmosphere. The city was founded in 1071 and was largely rebuilt by Andalusians in the 12th century, using the red clay that gave it its name. Its rich history is a source of inspiration for all visitors who explore its neighborhoods, its architectural jewels, and the kindness of its people.

Dozens of minarets, baths, and several other architectural structures make Marrakech a fantastic city with incredible plaques and anecdotes. Within its 200 hectares, the so-called Medina of Marrakech shelters an impressive number of beautiful landmarks, such as the Souk and Medina landmarks, the Bahia Palace, the Saadian Tombs, the Dar Si Said, and the fascinating Majorelle Gardens. The crazy and mysterious Djemaa El Fna square is perhaps the heart of the city, boasting an eventful life all year round. Museums also abound in Marrakech; some are small, such as the Tiskwamine, and some like Dar El Bacha Confluences, which showcases the best of the country's craftsmanship and folk art. All represent spaces filled with eastern charm, combining compelling exhibitions with interesting architecture.

B. Exploring the blue streets of Chefchaouen

Chefchaouen, also called Chaouen, is a town in the Rif Mountains of northwest Morocco. It’s known for the striking, blue-washed buildings of its old town. Tour Morocco without a car. We offer cheap excursions, day trips or tours of Tangier, Morocco and other private and luxury tours of Morocco without a car. Our experience is our only secret. Absolutely the best experience. Discover the highlights of the beautiful coastal city of Tangier and the perfect village of Chefchaouen located in the Rif mountains during this day trip. The trip includes quick access to northern Morocco from Malaga and transfers to all the major attractions and then take a fabulous city tour, with a typical Moroccan breakfast at the beach and much more. Hassle-free trip to northern Morocco includes coach travel, guided tours, some food, and entry. Explore the lively city of Tangier and take advantage of the perfect village of Chefchaouen. After docking in Tarifa, sail by high-speed hydrofoil. Since the logistics are already pre-arranged, there is no need to stress. Since this is a brief tour, all of the highlights are covered.

The locals are extremely welcoming and the 10,000 or so of them survive their entire lives in an incredible range of shades of blue. Each house gets the color brushed over it by a paint slip from the local shop. The walls are painted that particular shade of blue thanks to newly replaced limestone. In the town and its surroundings, the vibrant blue contrasts beautifully with the green forest.

C. Trekking through the Atlas Mountains

The High Atlas range is the most famous and stretches nearly 1000 km through Morocco. It has ten summits of roughly 4000 meters each. These peaks attract the most visitors, including skiers in winter and trekkers in summer. Among the most popular tours in Morocco are visits to the towering Atlas Mountains. These majestic mountains run diagonally through the country and have three ranges: the High Atlas, the Middle Atlas, and the Anti-Atlas. Here are some highlights of what trekkers will find in the Atlas Mountains, how to get there, and when to visit.

The most popular location for a trek in the High Atlas is the Toubkal Valley, which is about 90 km away from Marrakesh. If the weather is clear, trekkers there can catch a sight of Mount Toubkal, the highest peak in the Atlas range, the Berber people's village, and a lush green forest. The Middle Atlas is home to monkeys, the famous Barbary macaques. Here, cedar forests like those in Ifrane provide a great picnic spot. During the winter, Ifrane becomes a small ski resort. Inside High Atlas is the Todra Gorge, where the Boumalne Dade River emerges after flowing 25 km through a 300m deep chasm, perfect for rock climber

III. Cultural Experiences on Morocco Tours

After leaving the Sahara, tourists on Morocco tours can have an opportunity to see the highest sights in Morocco, beautifully hidden in the snow-capped peaks and adjacent to the traditional and historical Berber villages. A stop at the Todra Gorge, one of Morocco's most wonderful sights, will be followed by a further stop at another milestone along the old caravan path. One additional night is spent in Morocco. There are some significant caves applying to ancient cities and one of the seldom used salt transporters can be included in the Merzouga itinerary. Aware of the local people in Merzouga, the tour guide supplies historical information accordingly.

The camel becomes the best mode of leniency and luxury transport for the next experience. Turbans and veils are offered as well, as it is optional. Like the sunset and the varied views in the world of living persons, nightfall in a nomadic bivouac, oversized by sandhill. The Morocco tour is the very embodiment of an amazing and varied Sahara adventure, and contains a collection of monuments and tales. The people of the southern part of Morocco certainly are less eager to portray the hospitality of the complex family. Engaging in possible local people's life and being invited to join the private another is one thing, and in another approach, another is typical.

IV. Tips for Planning the Perfect Morocco Tour

Morocco is increasingly seen as a household name among international tourists. It's all because of the implementation of different cultural activities and attractions for those who come here from throughout the world. The country's broad mosque, beaches, mountains, and historic places have always been excellent attractions and everyone enjoys visiting once, a terrific place to taste the heritage of Morocco; visit and enjoy sand dunes, the sea, rivers, and hiking and alpine activities. They offer the best possible options for day tours and trips from different places as indicated by the desire of tourists. For instance, if someone wants a vacation in the mountains, they could choose a tour that includes the town of Ouarzazate, the valley of Draa, and its palm oasis.

Thanks to the travel experts who are available to help you through most premises with your Morocco tour, you can choose the length of your visit, theme of your holiday, and see pictures of the many different places and things that Morocco has to offer. They are experienced, efficient companies that can help you with the myriad of wonderful opportunities to spend holidays in Morocco that will make your dream holiday a definite possibility. They offer incomparable wealthy insights into the life of the people, their religion, their festivals, and their excellent food, to help you create and enjoy an unforgettable vacation. The agencies that offer the tours are experts at helping guests arrange special itineraries, provide general guidelines on the best time of year to visit different areas of the country, and advice on getting a travel visa as well. They can also provide different kinds of travel tips.

A. Choosing the right tour operator

Choosing the right tour operator can make the difference between an enjoyable holiday and one that falls far short of expectations. When making your selection, consider how long the company has been in business, the experience of the staff, the quality of the guides, and the travel routes on offer. A flexible tour operator that accommodates the varying interests of customers, offers a detailed itinerary, and is easily contactable in case issues arise is more likely to meet your travel goals. Not all Morocco tours offer the same travel experience. Find out if the tour operator has hands-on experience of each travel destination.

B. Packing essentials for a Morocco tour

When embarking on a tour of Morocco, one can expect a kaleidoscope of unique experiences that no other place in the world can offer. In addition to its rich cultural heritage and natural wonders, Morocco is a gastronomic paradise that boasts some of the world’s most famous cuisine, along with a maze of shopping opportunities spread throughout some of the world’s most captivating cities. So what should you pack when going on a Morocco tour? Here is a list of essentials that will ensure that your tour of Morocco is as pleasant as possible:

Clothing:  Pack a range of clothes suitable for both warm and cool weathers, including a light-fleece jacket as some evenings in the desert can get cold. The country can be quite conservative, especially in small towns and rural areas, so it’s important to be respectful and dress modestly.

Footwear:  Comfortable shoes are essential. A sturdy pair of sneakers or trainers suitable for walking in rough terrains are ideal.

Toiletries:  Mosquito repellent and tissues are important, especially if you plan to be away from your hotel for extended hours. Bring something to protect your face from the sun, and lip balm with UV protection.

First Aid Kit:  It’s always a good idea to bring band-aids, Imodium, or any other medical supplies that you think you might need.

C. Cultural etiquette and customs in Morocco

Morocco is a Muslim country, and most of its inhabitants are Sunni Muslim. Although the country is liberal and Catholic priests can walk around in their religious dress, it would be considered highly offensive to openly parade immodest dress. It is important to respect the local religious practices and to carry a wrap or sarong to cover shoulders and knees, as non-Muslim visitors are not allowed to visit some mosques.

Everywhere in North Africa, especially in rural and city neighborhoods of Moroccan cities, it is extremely important to be respectful by asking before taking a photograph. As a general rule, it is preferable to avoid taking photographs of people without first asking their permission. Women travelers should be especially careful and should always ask men outside their families before taking photographs. While most Moroccans are relaxed in regards to their religious customs and happily share, drinking alcohol is completely off-limits to practicing Muslims and should be done discreetly in designated locations within city areas. It is important to respect the local tradition of riad or the more dynamic life of the streets.

V. Summary:

In summary, your Morocco tours take you to a land of striking contrasts, offering an incredible amount of visual as well as cultural variety in a surprisingly accessible climate. Substantial parts of the country have become natural reserves and parks, so whether you are a nature lover, culture vulture, or an adventure tourist, your desires are catered to. With an incredible amount of diversity, you will find anything from high mountains to unspoiled deserts and the flavor of the country's extraordinary history and culture, as well as historical sites scattered all over the country, especially in the main cities. You may find it popular to trace the footsteps of famous Romans or the trail of famous prophets. Whenever you decide to visit a city or a village, your visit will be made worthwhile with the help of experienced and knowledgeable local guides who are not afraid of showing you what Morocco is really about and always guarantee a friendly and unforgettable trip. In popular tourist destinations, an everyday beach paradise can be a refreshing sight with palm-fringed lagoons and freshwater swimming pools located in oases. However, if you are a film buff or a brave rookie and are looking for a vacation away from the traffic and the recommended tourist hotspots, there are still some relatively unspoiled places to be found. Pursuing structured tours, which can be either short luxury  tours across the Atlas Mountains , camping among the grand sand dunes of southern Morocco, or high-season trekking and climbing tours, are just some of the ways in which one can explore Morocco. Choose excursions utilizing 4x4 or camels to see more of the country.

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Safaris aren't the only tourist attraction in Africa. From cruises to wine tasting, here's what else you can do

By ,cnbc • published may 27, 2024 • updated on may 27, 2024 at 10:45 pm.

Africa is blessed with some of the rarest and most beautiful animals in the world — a fact that entices tourists to book safaris year-round.

But safaris only scratch the surface of what the continent has to offer.  

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From wine tours to vibrant coastal cities, other experiences await those who are willing to go beyond game drives and delve deeper into the core of the continent.

Mountains, dunes and rivers

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For those who love hiking, Africa is blessed with many peaks — from Morocco's Mount Toubkal to the continent's highest peak, Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.

But there's also Mount Nyangani in Zimbabwe, which has a skywalk atop the Mutarazi Falls, the country's highest waterfall.

South Africa's Table Mountain can be climbed in a matter of hours, but adrenaline junkies may prefer to bungie jump from Johannesburg's Soweto Towers , or the Bloukrans Bridge along the country's famous "Garden Route."

Bungy jumping at Soweto Towers, a decommissioned power station in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Africa is ideal for travelers who crave adventure, said Zina Bencheikh, managing director for Europe, the Middle East and Africa at Intrepid Travel.

morocco berber travel

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She recommends Madagascar's Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park, which has two geological zones called the "Small Tsingy" and "Big Tsingy," which in the local language of Malagasy, refers to a place "where one cannot walk barefoot."

"Big Tsingy Trek is not your usual hike!" she said, describing it as a "labyrinth of limestone formations that resemble a forest made of rock."

The limestone formations of Madagascar's Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park.

In Namibia, travelers can climb the iconic Dune 45 to admire the sand dunes of the Sossusvlei, explore the eerie white clay pan of Deadvlei , or hike through the picturesque Sesriem Canyon.

At Victoria Falls, along the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, travelers can whitewater raft, bungee jump or swim at the Devil's Pool, which is on Zambia's side of the falls. Similar adventures can be found in Jinja, Uganda, where the River Nile begins.

Hot air balloons are a popular and adventurous way to explore too, with a bird's eye view of the berber villages of Morocco to Kenya's Masai Mara.

Explore the beach

African beach towns combine beauty and culture, in places like Seychelles, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Mozambique, Mauritius, Zanzibar, Ghana, Namibia and Egypt.

Mombasa, a coastal city in Kenya, is one example.  

King Charles III and Queen Camilla visit Mombasa's Fort Jesus, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, on Nov. 03, 2023

"Here, you'll experience African, Indian and Arab cultures in one place. Fort Jesus is one of Mombasa's notable sites and was built by the Portuguese in 1593. In less than 200 years, the fort changed hands nine times," said Luciemarie Swanepoel, owner of African Sky of Diamonds Tours & Safaris.

She recommends visiting Zanzibar to wander the Stone Town's labyrinthine alleys along with Kenya's Swahili Coast, the historical Gede ruins, and the UNESCO-named Mijikenda Kaya Forests .

The rooftops of Zanzibar's Stone Town. 

"Madagascar … is another island gem, with beaches like Nosy Be and Ile Sainte Marie boasting palm-fringed coasts and vibrant coastal villages," said Swanepoel.

Durban and Cape Town are two of the best beach destinations in South Africa, she said, adding that travelers can kitesurf, snorkel, kayak or search for dugongs and whales there.

Go on a cruise

From budget-friendly houseboats to luxurious all-inclusive boutique lake cruises, Africa has a range of unique boating experiences.

Cruises along the Nile, Zambezi and Chobe rivers, as well as a cruise along Rwanda's Lake Kivu, come highly recommended, as water journeys can offer a spectacular viewing platform for wildlife.

A boat on Botswana's Chobe river at sunset.

"During a river cruise, you may spot a herd of elephants wading through shimmering water, witness great buffalo gathering along the water's edge, and even observe crocodiles stealthily slicing through pools. Hundreds of hippos also wallow in the river with just their nostrils poking out," says Kate Powell, general manager of the houseboat company Zambezi Queen Collection.

Travelers can also cruise between villages, fish, and bask in the tranquil waters. 

"One can explore the Manambolo River on a pirogue, or wooden dugout canoe, under the shadow of towering rock cliffs [or] stop to explore a cave and the eerie tombs of the Vazimba, said to be the earliest inhabitants of Madagascar," said Intrepid's Bencheikh.

In addition to being a popular stop for world cruises, East and South Africa have their own ocean cruise routes which follow the coastlines and visit offshore islands. Silversea, Norwegian Cruise Line and MSC have cruises departing from Africa.

The best places — and best times — to take a safari

Maritime journeys in Africa allow visitors to experience the continent's wildlife, cultures and landscapes from a unique vantage point, said Kevin Bubolz, Norwegian's vice president for Continental Europe, Middle East and Africa.  

"In Port Elizabeth, the Penguin Island Cruise excursion is a standout experience. You'll journey to the world's largest colony of African penguins in their natural habitat," he said. "If you're lucky, you might also catch a glimpse of playful humpback and bottle-nose dolphins."

Countries like Morocco, Namibia and Ethiopia have established wine regions. But South Africa is the continent's crown jewel.

"South Africa is renowned for its world-class wine regions, with the Western Cape being the heart of the industry," said Wrenelle Stander, CEO of Wesgro, Cape Town's tourism and trade agency.

"The areas around Stellenbosch, Franschhoek and Paarl comprise the famous Cape Winelands, where visitors can tour historic estates, taste award-winning wines, and learn about the winemaking process."

The wine country of Franschhoek, outside of Cape Town, South Africa. 

Not only is Stellenbosch one of the best places for wine tours, it's also a culinary hot spot, known for its innovative food scene. Elmarie Rabe, the marketing manager at Visit Stellenbosch, advises travelers to select wineries that are committed to sustainable and organic practices.

"Also consider the traveling distance between farms, as Stellenbosch stretches over 60 square kilometers," she said.

The best time to visit is during the harvest season from late January to March, when the vineyards are in full swing. But every season has its own charm, she added.

"Spring offers lush landscapes and ideal weather, while winter is perfect for enjoying bold red wines by the fireplace. Summer provides sunny days perfect for outdoor wine tasting," Rabe said.

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  4. The Amazigh/Berber, Morocco's Impressive People

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