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The Islamic position on 'time travel'

islamqa time travel

What does the Islam say about time-travel?

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is His Slave and Messenger. If you mean by "time travel" moving between different points in time forward or backward, meaning physically visiting the past or the future, then this is impossible. Allaah, The Exalted, says (what means): • { And if I knew the unseen, I could have acquired much wealth, and no harm would have touched me. } [Quran 7:188] • { And no soul perceives what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul perceives in what land it will die. Indeed, Allaah is Knowing and Acquainted. } [Quran 31:34] Only Allaah, The Exalted, knows the Unseen; if it were possible to travel to the future and know what would happen, this (the fact that only Allaah knows the Unseen) would be falsified. Allaah, The Exalted, says (what means): { And with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him. } [Quran 6:59] And He says (what means): { Say, "None in the heavens and earth knows the unseen except Allaah. } [Quran 27:65] We would like to point out that "time" is nothing more than a mathematical function of two variables; it cannot be separated or abstracted so that it would be possible to travel through it. However, certain "periods of time" can be (relatively) longer or shorter compared to others. For instance, the time the Dajjaal will spend on earth was described by the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, as follows: " forty days: one like a year, one like a month, one like a week, and the rest of his days like yours. " [Muslim] Another example is in the Hadeeth about Yoosha‘ ibn Noon ( Joshua the son of Nun ) conquering Jerusalem: " He reached that town at the time of the ‘Asr prayer, so he said to the sun, 'O sun! You are bound by the command (of Allaah) and so am I! O Allaah, stop it (i.e. the sun) from setting for a while.' It was stopped until Allaah made him victorious. " [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] However, if you mean merely imagining that one is living in the past and envisioning people's lives then or imagining the future and envisioning the potential scientific and intellectual advancement, then there is nothing wrong with that. Many of the matters that were fantasies in the past have become realities. Allaah Knows best.

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islamqa time travel

IslamQA: Quantum theory and time travel in Islam

Ikram Hawramani

  • Posted In IslamQA
  • Tagged Islam and Predestination (Qadar) | Islam and time travel
What do you think about quantum theory? Do you think humans can time-travel?

I have read a number of books on quantum theory but I do not know enough about it to express a general opinion. As for time-travel, forward time-travel seems to be possible and unproblematic (if you are on a spaceship that flies near the speed of light, time would travel much slower inside the ship relative to the outside).

But as for backward time-travel, I believe most scientists consider it impossible. From the religious perspective it is problematic because by going back in time everyone else’s free-willed decisions up to that time would be canceled out, since they would have to make them all over again. I believe in a real-time universe as I discuss in this essay , which means that backward time-travel is nonsensical since it would require bypassing God.

Time is merely the fact that some of God’s actions happen after some of His other actions. Traveling backward would literally mean controlling God and making Him undo His own actions, which is naturally absurd.

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Time Travel in the Quran

Miller's Planet

  • 1 Influence of Gravity
  • 2 Influence of Speed
  • 3.1  Parable of Hamlet in the Ruins
  • 3.2 Story of  Sleepers of the cave
  • 3.3 Throne  of Sheeba
  • 3.4 The Night Journey (Isra wal Miraj)
  • 4 Conclusions

Is time travel possible? Before answering this question, one should halt  in making giant leaps of imagination. The concept of time travel as depicted in the movie “Back to the future ” has to be suspended. Let us pause and reflect on what is really scientifically known about time travel before we explore the Quran on the same topic.

It is now widely ascertained through experimental validation of theory of relativity that the pace of marching forward in time is not fixed. It is not a constant rate and this pace can be cranked up or slowed down. Thanks to the 2014 blockbuster movie Interstellar, people can perceive how this relativity of time can alter  life experiences.

We can either march forward in the future faster or slower relative to other objects. There are two main variables that alter the speed of our march.

Influence of Gravity

The closer an object is to the centre of gravitational field, the slower its march forward in time. Consequently the further away an object is from the centre of a gravitational field the more time it experiences compared to an object close to the center.

For example, a person living at the top of a skyscraper would have clocked more seconds of life than someone living at the bottom floor. This effect is minuscule but grows with increasing distances. For instance an orbital satellite experiences an extra 38 microseconds each day compared to an object on the surface of the earth. The clocks on the satellite therefore have to be adjusted at fixed intervals to synchronize with the clocks on our planet. The accuracy of GPS satellites that orbit above 20,000 km will be hampered if this adjustment factor was not taken into consideration. In pure physics terms, this phenomenon is called gravitational time dilation and has been confirmed through  many tests of general relativity. Two of the more renowned experiments are Pound–Rebka experiment and Gravity Probe A.

Influence of Speed

The faster an object travels, the lesser time it experiences. The late Carl Sagan’s television series Cosmos in the 1980’s made the  “Twin Paradox”  term popular that was before, known  only within the scientific community. The Twin paradox is a thought experiment that evoked much pondering within scientific elite at the start of the 20 th century.  Similar to space exploration,  the concept exploded into mainstream consciousness in the late 70’s.

The twin paradox assumes identical twins who decide to clock times. One sits on a park bench while the other travels in a spacecraft around the earth at light speed. The twins decide  to meet after the travelling  twin has completed several million laps of the planet. The conclusion of the experiment was that compared to the stationary twin, the other  would have experienced a lot less time and therefore would have aged less. In scientific terms this phenomenon is known as relative velocity or kinematic time dilation.

(Late Carl Sagan explaining Time Dilation in the video)

In a test conducted in 1971 that was dubbed as Hafele–Keating experiment, it was confirmed that gain in time is observed by the clocks moving fast towards east. The reference frame assumed a stationary center of the earth. Slightly lesser gains were observed for objects moving at high speeds towards west, owing to the eastward rotation of the earth. These experiments were carried out using commercial airliner with extremely precise atomic clocks onboard. The difference of time between the clocks would have been even more pronounced if the speed of aircraft was higher.

Time Travel in Islam, Christianity and Judaism

Time travel events have been part of Islamic tradition and have been recorded in the Quran.

There are at least four separate events in the Quran where time travel has been mentioned. A couple of these events are also recorded in the old testament. Interestingly, these events cover both kinematic and gravitational time dilation.  They are mentioned below:

  • Parable of the Hamlet of Ruins
  • Story of the Sleepers of the cave
  • Throne of Sheeba (Saba)

The Night Journey (Isra wal Miraj)

 parable of hamlet in the ruins.

The Quran  contains a parable (chapter 2: verse 259) that is one of the most popularly quoted and commented events in the Islamic tradition. It relates  a person coming across a town in ruins and asking God if resurrection after such devastation was possible? He questions renewal of life after death.  According to some Islamic scholars, the person mentioned in this story was Prophet Uzair (Ezra). The same event is also found in Judo-Christian sources which identify the person as Jeremiah. Nonetheless, leaving aside the identity, it is the event itself that calls for far greater attention.

The Qur’anic verse reads:

Or (take) the similitude of one who passed by a hamlet, all in ruins to its roofs. He said: “Oh! How shall God bring it (ever) to life, after (this) its death?” But God caused him to die for a hundred years, then raised him up (again). He said: “How long didst thou tarry (thus)?” He said: (Perhaps) a day or part of a day.” He said: “Nay, thou hast tarried thus a hundred years; but look at thy food and thy drink; they show no signs of age; and look at thy donkey: And that We may make of thee a sign unto the people, look further at the bones, how We bring them together and clothe them with flesh.” When this was shown clearly to him, he said: “I know that God hath power over all things.”

Looking at this story from the perspective of relativity theory, one can notice that the prophet and the objects mentioned herein remained spatially confined while time moved on.  When he was reawakened after a hundred (lunar) years, he noticed that his food remained intact whereas the donkey had reduced to bones, almost fossilized. Time had moved differently for each  subject (the person, food articles and his ride).

A scientific explanation of  the event would yield the  conclusion that each of them was perhaps bubbled inside separate gravitational fields. The magnitude of gravitational force for the food article being the highest greatly reduced the speed of its march forward in time.

Story of  Sleepers of the cave

The story of the sleepers of the cave (Ashab al Kahf) is perhaps the most revisited stories in the Quran and evokes interest in all age groups. In Judaic tradition this event is commonly is known as the story of seven sleepers.  The Quran has deemed the detail on their number unimportant. It is about how a group of pious youth fled the persecution by their people for their belief. They along with their dog sought refuge inside a cave.   It is  believed by many including Maulana Mawdudi  (famous Islamic scholar) that their cave  was located in Ephesus,  modern day  Turkey.

Translation of three verses from the Quran are copied below:

[18:19] When we awakened them, they asked each other, “How long have you been here?” “We have been here one day or part of the day,” they answered. “Your Lord knows best how long we stayed here, so let us send one of us with this money to the city. Let him fetch the good lawful food, and buy some for us. Let him keep a low profile, and attract no attention.”

[18:25] They stayed in their cave three hundred years, increased by nine.

[18:26] Say [To them], “God is the best Knower of how long they stayed there.” He knows all secrets in the Heavens and the earth. By His grace you can see; by His grace you can hear. There is none beside Him as Lord and Master, and He never permits any partners to share in His kingship.”

As can be noted from the verses above, sleep befalls them while in the cave. When they woke up, they sent out from among them a member to bring food. When that person reaches town, he discovers the vast changes that have occurred. His coin is found to be 100’s of year old.  The Quran mentions the figure  of 309 years. Similar stories have been part of the folklore across different cultures.

Herein again the sleepers and their dog remain confined in the cave where time slowed down while time marched on swiftly for the outside world. Similar to the event mentioned earlier, this points to gravitational time dilation.

In the movie Interstellar, an hour on Miller’s planet equated to 7 years on the ship orbiting outside its gravitational field. This illustration of time dilation can help our understanding of sleepers in the cave.

Throne  of Sheeba

The queen of the south or queen of Saba was a historic figure who at the time of prophet Solomon ruled in what is said to be present day Yemen.  It is mentioned in the Quran that Prophet Solomon had control over non-organic, plasma life forms the Muslims regard as jinn. Just like angels who are spiritual beings, jinns are a life form that can be categorized as as unconventional. In the Quran (chapter 27: verse 38-39) it is mentioned that the throne of Sheeba was transported from over 1000 miles within a blink of an eye by one of the jinns. Only an object that can travel with the speed of light can achieve this feat in a matter of seconds.

Whether kinematic time dilation was an actor at play here is subject to deliberation. The conclusions that can be ascertained are that matter can be transported at light speed or close to light speed and secondly God has bestowed power to one of his creatures to be fast enough to achieve time dilation.

Isra wal Miraj are two parts of the night journey that was taken by the prophet Mohammad (PBUH). In the first part, the prophet traveled from Bait ul Haram to Bait ul  Maqdas (Mecca to Jerusalem). This part of the journey in Arabic is described as Isra. The second phase of the journey was from Jerusalem to the heavens (Miraj). This event is briefly mentioned in the Quran in chapter 17.  A more detailed account of this journey comes from the Hadith. Interestingly this journey may encompass both kinematic and gravitational time dilation during Isra and Miraj respectively.

According to some scholars, the total event took a third of the night which amounts to around 3.5 hours (approximate date 23 rd February 621 AD).  In other accounts it is said that the sound of the door latch was the last thing the prophet heard before starting his journey and the latch was still moving as he returned. Thus indicating incredibly short time for the whole journey. Based on this fact and discounting dilation many scholars have deduced that it may have been journey of the spirit.

The prophet (PBUH) traveled on Al Buraq which is described as a winged steed that moved with unimaginable speed.  The journey involved moving from east to west and back again. It is during this part of the journey kinematic time dilation would have been achieved. The prophet (PBUH) after reaching Bait ul Maqdas (in Jerusalam) ascended to heaven. This ascension to heaven would require coming out of a gravitational field which in turns also explains the gravitational time dilation that would have occurred.

The itinerary of the whole journey  was not that of a few moments. Accounts in the hadeeth describe a journey that was much longer. The prophet Mohammad met several prophets and performed prayers on the way. he eventually reached the Lote tree (Sidrat ul Muntaha), where he met his maker.

Note that in the first two mentioned events in the Quran, time had moved slower for the subjects and faster for the ambient objects. If gravity in a conservative space is reduced, the reverse would happen. That is time lapse for the subject will increase and for the ambient will decrease. Thus making it possible for the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) to conclude his eventful journey in a small passage of time from a reference point in Mecca.

Conclusions

We live in an age when the “wormhole theory” is broadening our horizons  and helping us explore the possibility of Interstellar travel. If we open our minds than we find that science of today helps us prove rather than disprove religious miracles. With the discovery of antimatter, thinking only inside a material realm would limit our progress in understanding the world around us.

 This article  attempted to explain the events in Islam that involve time dilation. The explanation has been kept simple and written in a language that avoids the use of unnecessary scientific terms. A deeper explanation will hopefully be the subject of a future article or an ebook that would appeal to more science savvy audience.

Dr Haroon Junaidi, the author of this article, completed his doctorate from Scotland in Renewable Energy. He frequently writes for convergence stride on social as well as religious issues.

Please feel to share this article. Join the convergence stride community by subscribing to our email list and get similar articles delivered right to your inbox.

Also worth reading: Sea of Galilee Prophecy

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A critique on sheikh nasiruddin albani’s methodology, 31 comments.

Very interesting

[…] Further Reading: Time Travel in the Koran […]

Great, very interesting. By the time the end of the world is approaching nearer and nearer, the more the mystries of the universe will be disclosed by the grace of Allah.

MasyaAllah Subhanallah Allahuakbar

it is mentioned that the throne of Sheeba was transported from over 1000 miles within a blink of an eye by one of the (( jinns. )) not a jinn he was a man given knowledge of the Book. some say his name was Asif bin Barkhiyya

It is one of the best illustration article for general public to explain them the Theory of relativity and the reference made by The Almighty for understanding of time in different frame of references. Really worth reading article that adds knowledge and strengthen the belief on day of judgement to a scientific mind as well as general reader…

Really inspiring. Science has no business being in conflict with religion. increasingly, new scientific discoveries are approaching many of the positions stated by religion long ago on many questions.

Thank you. Its true that Science is converging towards the truth

Excellent article. …found a good platform to ask questions n have a better understanding of Quran-e-Pak. ..thanks admin

Thank you. We will endeavour to bring you many more similar articles. You can access our archive through homepage. It would also help if you can share this website with your friends

[…] Time Travel in the Quran […]

Very interesting and informative reading . I have following thus subject with interest and conviction that whatever has been foretold by prophet Muhammad Pbuh we are witnessing its initial signs and that end if history may be nearer. I would be looking forward more material on this subject. Jazakallah

Thank you. Please share to spread the word. Also have a look at other such articles on this website

Quran is a book of signs, not just science.

In the stories of the 1 and 2.. the time of objects like food drink and sleepers are “freezed”.

In the story of sheba and night speed accelerated to an extent time cannot influence its existence.

How physics explain these occurences?

Again it has to do with relativity of time. When you say time froze, it means that time slowed down to almost a negligible value for the sleepers and food and drink while time marched on at the same pace for rest of the world. In the other stories, the time in the rest of the world slowed down compared to the object in question or rather objects speed was super high

Think of time as a relative term, but not an actual reality. Imagine that in those occurrences this other force was weak or strong (gravitational force or whatever name). And assume we use time as our ruler or a barometer to measure those unseen forces.

I remember I was 16 years old when I first saw the movie Contact. As the anti-climax rolls in and the protagonists time dilation is proved I was ecstatic to have found some reasoning behind Prophet’s [PBUH] Night Journey. To this day I remain in awe of the cosmos; for its sheer beauty, meticulous and intelligent design and its ability to keep veiling more than it reveals with every scientific breakthrough!

Allah Ta’ala acknowledges this in Surah Mulk ayah 4 : “[Your] vision will return to you humbled while it is fatigued.”

SubhanAllah! May Allah give us deep understanding to help guide us all. Ameen.

Very beautifully put

beautifully explained. still i am confused about this topic but it cleared some of my concepts. Jizak Allah Khair. This universe is a miracle of Allah Almighty. Subhan Allah.

He was not a jinn. He was a man named Asif bin barkhya who had the knowledge of book.

That is indeed one of the opinions.

Some General Queries.

1-Is there some one who can co-relate the above mentioned article with black holes in space and Quran, as one theory says that black holes are considered as entry and exit ways from one sky to another sky 2- Is death is also a part of time travel ? 3- If i am driving a car at 300 Miles an hour and reaches somewhere in 30 minutes instead of 3 hours. This will be considered as time travel ???

That is beautiful subject i wanna add 1 more point to story of seven sleeper person is NASA is working on same technology to send human to mars is only way to put human in sleep for such a long journey. So we can extract 2 point from seven sleeper person is one is time dilation and send human can sleep 3 hundred years without food .

That is true. Hypersleep or cryosleep has featured in many sci-fi movies and is being researched. Journey to Mars takes 9 months so in that case its not important. However for any travel that could take years, it is much more important. Nonetheless, you have raised a good point

Very interesting. Something I thought this article would mention, though maybe it is too obvious. Perhaps the kind of time dilation/constriction we are talking about can be explained by allusion to the nearness of Allah, Allah being the center of all gravitational fields, in this sense.

it is mentioned that the throne of Sheeba was transported from over 1000 miles within a blink of an eye by one of the (( jinns. )) : wrong: /PLEASE CHANGE IN THE TEXT not a jinn he was a MAN given knowledge of the Holy Book. The jin offered to bring forth before prophet Solomon changed his seat, but 1 man with the Holy book knowledge bestowed by Allah offered to bring her in a blink of an eye.This shows man is better and more noble than jinn.

thank you Ana

The reason why I am going through this article today is, because I think I time travelled this morning. I don’t even know if I should be writing here about my experience. I am very confused and actually a little disturbed. I woke up at 5(my alarm went off as usual), performed wuduh and said my tahajjud prayer . By the time I finished it was 5:10am. Fajr timing, here in this country, is after 5:25. So in between I read Quran. This morning when I was done quran reading, it was 5:48. So I started my fajr prayer. And if in any case you might be wondering how I remember the timings so specifically and particularly, let me tell you, I’m someone who is obsessed with checking/keeping time. I time myself to do almost anything and everything! Anyway, so after my fajr and all the duas that I usually say its always past 6. However, this morning when I checked it was just 5:05! I thought my mobile was acting up. I went and checked my wall clock. It read 5:06 am. I thought I must have set my alarm wrong. I checked, it was set for 5 am. I couldn’t have dreamt and done all those activities for i have been wide awake ever since and raiding my memory if I must have seen the wrong digits on my phone screen but NO. if that was the case, my alarm should have gone off at 5 anyway, but it didn’t. So im thinkin either I time travelled or I’m going nuts! If someone can explain this to me, I’d be little less disturbed. Thanx 🙂

From earlier verses mentioned in this article,the reader will remember that,according to the Quran, God will judge humans as well as aliens on the basis of their deeds and reward them accordingly.

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islamqa time travel

IS Time Travel Possible?

time travcel.jpg

Quran does allow travelling into the future

But not the past. a lot of people fantasise about what regrettable errors they would change in the past with a time machine. there is a major problem with this idea. if you do travel into the past and change your mistake there is no way in the future you would ever remember the mistake because it never was a mistake to begin with. to give an example imagine a car trip where turning left leads you to a traumatising future with problems and turning right was a safe passage., if you do travel to the past and give yourself the idea to go right instead of left (as you did before), instantly the future you would forget the mistake of the past and at the future time machine the future you would be contemplating another mistake of the past to change, instead of this left/right decision. that error would never have existed so it wouldn't be a choice at the machine. let's say the time machine couldn't make you change drastic decisions but only allowed you to make a minute change in the past, something as little as not having a certain thought or even moving a hand. this would cause the entire future to change entirely. you could not exist as you now because everything in our past shapes us. something even as simple as changing one thought in the past would change everything.  allah has established a governing law and that is time moves forward., travelling into the past is impossible. "be and it is" means everything has been set before the creation was even created. it could never be "be and it was" however, the quran clearly mentions travelling into the future is possible. albert einstein, in his theory of special relativity, determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and he showed that the speed of light within a vacuum is the same no matter the speed at which an observer travels here is einsteins special relativity in the quran (all movement is relative to other objects.) 1# 2:259 or like the one who passed by a township, and it (had) overturned on its roofs. he said, "how (will) bring to life this (town) allah after its death"  then he was made to die (by) allah (for) a hundred year(s), then he raised him. he said, "how long (have) you remained" he said,  "i remained (for) a day or a part (of) a day."  he said, "nay, you (have) remained one hundred year(s). then look at your food and your drink, (they did) not change with time, and look at your donkey, and we will make you a sign for the people. and look at the bones how we raise them, then we cover them (with) flesh."  then when became clear to him, he said, "i know that allah (is) on every thing all-powerful." allah is the truth, math is the numerically visualised language of the truth and science is the physical entity study of the truth. allah will never go against the truth in order to prove his all powerful. if time travel into the past was possible, allah would have granted the request from the man into going back and seeing the township coming back from the dead, but instead, allah makes him travel hundred years into the future and visually see his donkey being put back together.  2# 27:38-42 he said, "o chiefs which of you will bring me her throne before that they come to me (in) submission" said a strong one of the jinn, "i will bring it to you before [that] you rise from your place. and indeed, i am for it surely, strong, trustworthy." said one who, with him (was) knowledge of the scripture, "i will bring it to you before [that] returns to you your glance." then when he saw it placed before him, he said, "this (is) from (the) favor (of) my lord, to test me whether i am or i am ungrateful. and whoever (is) grateful then only he is grateful for his own soul. and whoever (is) ungrateful, then indeed, my lord (is) self-sufficient, noble." he said, "disguise for her her throne; we will see whether she will be guided or will be of those who are not guided." so when she came, it was said, "is like this your throne" she said, "it is like it." "and we were given the knowledge before her and we have been muslims." in the suliaman narration, we find with the proper knowledge an item can be made to travel distances at the speed of light. 3# 3:49 and (make him) a messenger to (the) children (of) israel, "indeed, i [surely] [i] (have) come (to) you with a sign from your lord that  i design for you from [the] clay like the form (of) the bird, then i breath into it and it becomes a bird by (the) permission (of) allah.  and i cure the blind, and the leper, and i give life (to) the dead by (the) permission (of) allah. and i inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses. indeed, in that (is) surely a sign for you, if you are believers. here isa has the power to make a bird from the shape of clay with his breathe (with the holy spirit). this could potentially mean the clay in isa's hands didn't just become a bird but it could easily be "evolved" into a bird within his hands. the clay could be like the man and the donkey in 2:259 merely speeding up time.  4# 3:59 indeed, (the) likeness (of) isa near allah (is) like (the) likeness (of) adam. he created him from dust then he said to him, "be," and he was. a common misconception is adam and isa were created from nothing. this ayat emphasises that they were not created from nothing but from dust (or a combination of worldly produces materials/compounds).  this could mean as allah can (and does) speed up time, he could have easily evolved adam and isa without the normal requirements of reproduction.  so to summarise there is no going back, we can only move forward. stop living in the past and make sure you take right steps so you don't have to dwell on it in the future.

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The Distance A Woman Can Travel Without A Mahram | By Shaikh Ibn Bāz

islamqa time travel

What is the distance at which the Sharee’ah allows a woman to travel without a Mahram? How do we harmonise between those narrations that mention a limit of three days distance, and another that mentions two days distance, yet another that states one day? How many kilometres is a journey of a day in our times?

The Imām, Al-‘Allāmah, ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn Bāz answered:

The principle here is: What is termed a journey at which point it is not permitted for a woman to travel except which a Mahram?

Everything that is considered a journey, then it is not allowed for a woman to embark upon it except with a mahram, due to the saying of the Prophet (ﷺ):  “A woman is not to travel except with a mahram.”  In a narration,  “For a journey of a day and a night except with a mahram.”  In a narration,     “For a journey of a day.”  In a narration,  “For a journey of a night except with a mahram.”  In another,  “For a journey of three days except with a mahram.” And in another narration,  “For a journey of half a day.” So the scholars have stated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) would respond in accordance to the questioner asking the question. So a questioner would ask,  “If a woman wishes to travel for the length of a day, is that allowed for her?”  So the Messenger (ﷺ) would respond,  “She is not to travel the distance of day’s journey except with a mahram.”  Another would ask,  “Can she travel for the journey of a night?”  Another would ask,  “Can she travel for a journey of three days?”  So Prophet (ﷺ) would answer in accordance to the question asked.

It can also be understood that he would answer in accordance with the Revelation sent to him in those situations. Then Allah (ﷻ) reduced the hardship concerning travel. So Allah permitted women to go out in what is not termed a journey. And He did not permit her to go out in that which was considered a journey unless she is accompanied by a mahram.

The point is that his (ﷺ) statements could be in accordance with the questions asked. It could also be that Allah forbade the woman from going out for the distance of half a day except with a mahram, then after that, He (the Most High) forbade her from a distance of a day and a night except with a mahram. Then after that, He forbade her from going out for a distance of three days (and so on) – all this due to a far-reaching wisdom.

But all this is understood on the basis of what is considered a journey. And a journey is that which agrees with the evidence. In that regard, there are narrations reported in the two Saheehs (Bukhari and Muslim) that place no limits and restrictions on the matter, where the Prophet (ﷺ) stated,  “A woman is not to travel except with a Mahram.”  So he stated that without any restriction (of days or nights) as occurs in this narration in the Saheeh (of Al-Bukhāri) from the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbās (may Allah be pleased with him). This one narration harmonises between all the other narrations. Everything that is referred to, or considered to be a journey, then a woman is not allowed to embark on it except with a Mahram. And least of that is half a day, so she cannot embark upon it because this may expose her to evil, corruption and treacherous conduct.

It is not necessary for her to hazard a journey without a  mahram. A mahram is her husband and other than him, from those she is forbidden to marry permanently due to blood relations, such as her brother, her father, or a brother through breastfeeding from the same wet nurse. Likewise her paternal uncle through breastfeeding (as they are forbidden for her to marry) and so on.

A day and night’s travel is approximately 80 kilometres (or) 75 kilometres approximately. Half a day is therefore 40km approximately. That is because a day and night are 24 hours, so half of that is 12 hours making it 40km or so. So it is upon her that she keeps herself away from that which approaches this.

As for normal moving around within the city or town, and to the limits of the city, then she does not require a mahram if she is in the company of other women or she is in a safe locality; in a safe and secure township where she does not fear anything, then there is no problem in her moving about the area, to fulfill her needs. It can be from one house to another, even if is a kilometre or two kilometres, three or four (for that matter). All of this does not harm so long as there is widespread safety, and no danger or suspicion, yes.

The Imām, Al-‘Allāmah ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn Bāz (may Allah have mercy upon him).

Source: https://binbaz.org.sa/fatwas/12405

Mindmap illustration showing the mahrams (male chaperones) of a woman for travel and sittings

Hadeeth on the topic:.

قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ لاَ تُسَافِرِ الْمَرْأَةُ إِلاَّ مَعَ ذِي مَحْرَمٍ، وَلاَ يَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهَا رَجُلٌ إِلاَّ وَمَعَهَا مَحْرَمٌ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَخْرُجَ فِي جَيْشِ كَذَا وَكَذَا، وَامْرَأَتِي تُرِيدُ الْحَجَّ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ اخْرُجْ مَعَهَا ‏”

Bukhari no. 186

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “A woman is not to travel except with a mahram. A man is not to enter the company of a woman unless her mahram is with her.” A man said, “O Messenger of Allah! I wanted to out with the expedition of so-and-so, but my wife wants to perform Hajj.” The Prophet said, “Go with her.”

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Very beneficial.

Jazakallah khair Ustadh for this clarification with evidence. Although I knew this principle, the evidence was just vague.The evidence here is much clearer and explained very clearly without ambiguity. May Allah (ta’aala) reward you for your efforts.

Alhamdulillah. Jazakallaahu khairan.

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Travel and tourism (siyaahah) in Islam – rulings and types

Publication : 03-07-2009

Views : 124953

Praise be to Allah.

Siyaahah (travel and/or tourism) may mean many things, but in modern usage it is limited to a few meanings, which indicate moving about in the land for fun or to look at things, research and find out, and so on; not to earn money, work or settle there. 

See: al-Mu’jam al-Waseet (469). 

When discussing tourism from the point of view of Islamic sharee’ah, we must look at the following categories: 

The concept of siyaahah in Islam

Islam came to change many of the distorted concepts that are held by imperfect human minds, and to connect them to the most sublime and honourable values and morals. In the minds of earlier nations, siyaahah was connected to the concept of self-punishment and forcing oneself to travel through the land, and exhausting the body as a punishment for it or as a way of shunning this world. Islam abolished this negative concept of siyaahah. 

Ibn Haani’ narrated that Ahmad ibn Hanbal was asked: Is a man who travels about dearer to you, or one who stays in his city? He said: Siyaahah has nothing to do with Islam, and it is not the action of the Prophets or the righteous. 

Talbees Iblees (340). 

Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali commented on the words of Imam Ahmad by saying: 

Siyaahah in this sense was done by some groups who are known to strive in worship without knowledge; some of them gave up this activity when they realized that it was not right. 

Fath al-Baari by Ibn Rajab (1/56). 

Islam came to elevate the concept of siyaahah, and to connect it to great and noble aims, such as the following: 

1.Connecting siyaahah to worship. So travel – or siyaahah – is enjoined in order to perform one of the pillars of Islam, namely Hajj during certain months, and ‘umrah to the House of Allaah is prescribed throughout the year. When a man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and asked him for permission for siyaahah (in the ancient sense of travelling as an act of asceticism or self-punishment only), the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) guided him to something that is more sublime and better than siyaahah. He said to him: “The siyaahah of my ummah is jihad for the sake of Allaah.” Narrated by Abu Dawood (2486); classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood; its isnaad was classed as jayyid by al-‘Iraaqi in Takhreej Ihya’ ‘Uloom al-Deen (2641). Think about how the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made a connection between the kind of siyaahah that is encouraged in sharee’ah and a great and noble aim. 

2.In the Islamic worldview, siyaahah is also connected to knowledge and learning. The greatest journeys were undertaken at the beginning of Islam with the aim of seeking and spreading knowledge. al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi wrote a famous book called al-Rihlah fi Talab al-Hadeeth (Travelling to seek hadeeth) in which he compiled the names of those who travelled for the sake of a single hadeeth. For example one of the Taabi’een said concerning the verse in which Allaah says:

“(The believers whose lives Allaah has purchased are) those who turn to Allaah in repentance (from polytheism and hypocrisy), who worship (Him), who praise (Him), who fast (or go out in Allaah’s Cause), who bow down (in prayer), who prostrate themselves (in prayer), who enjoin (on people) Al‑Ma‘roof and forbid (people) from Al‑Munkar, and who observe the limits set by Allaah. And give glad tidings to the believers”

[al-Tawbah 9:112]

‘Ikrimah said: al-saa’ihoon (translated here as who fast (or go out in Allaah’s Cause)) are the seekers of knowledge. 

This was narrated by Ibn Abi Haatim in his Tafseer (7/429). See also Fath al-Qadeer (2/408). 

Although the correct meaning according to the majority of the salaf is that what is meant by al-saa’ihoon is those who fast. 

3.Another of the aims of siyaahah in Islam is to learn lessons and receive reminders. The command to travel about in the land appears in several places in the Qur’aan. Allaah says:

“Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): Travel in the land and see what was the end of those who rejected truth”

[al-An’aam 6:11] 

“Say to them (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “Travel in the land and see how has been the end of the Mujrimoon (criminals, those who denied Allaah’s Messengers and disobeyed Allaah)”

[al-Naml 27:69]

al-Qaasimi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said they are the ones who go to different places to study the ruins and learn a lesson from them and seek other benefits. 

Mahaasin al-Ta’weel (16/225). 

4.Maybe the greatest aim of siyaahah in Islam is to call people to Allaah and to convey to mankind the light that was revealed to our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). This is the mission of the Messengers and Prophets and their companions after them (may Allaah be pleased with them). The companions of our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) spread throughout the world, teaching the people goodness and calling them to the message of truth. We hope that the concept of siyaahah today will try to achieve the same great aims.

5.Finally, siyaahah in Islam also includes travelling to ponder the wonders of Allaah’s creation and to enjoy the beauty of this great universe, so that it will make the human soul develop strong faith in the oneness of Allaah and will help one to fulfil the obligations of life. Relaxation is essential to enable one to strive hard after that.

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Say: Travel in the land and see how (Allaah) originated the creation, and then Allaah will bring forth the creation of the Hereafter (i.e. resurrection after death). Verily, Allaah is Able to do all things”

[al-‘Ankaboot 29:20]

Secondly: 

Guidelines on the type of siyaahah (tourism) that is acceptable in Islam.

Islamic sharee’ah has brought a number of rulings that regulate siyaahah so that it will achieve the aims mentioned above and will not overstep the mark or become a source of evil and harm in society. These rulings include the following: 

1.It is haraam to travel for the purpose of venerating a specific place, except the three mosques.

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No journey should be undertaken to visit any mosque but three: al-Masjid al-Haraam, the Mosque of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the Mosque of al-Aqsa.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1132) and Muslim (1397). 

This hadeeth indicates that it is haraam to undertake “religious journeys”, as they are called, to any mosque other than these three, such as those who call for travelling to visit graves or mashhads (shrines) or tombs or mausoleums, especially those tombs that are venerated by people and from which they seek blessing, and they commit all kinds of shirk and haraam actions there. There is nothing in sharee’ah to suggest that places are sacred and that acts of worship should be done in them apart from these three mosques.  

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I went out to al-Toor (Sinai) where I met Ka’b al-Ahbaar and sat with him … He mentioned a lengthy hadeeth then he said: Then I met Basrah ibn Abi Basrah al-Ghifaari who said: From where have you come? I said: From Sinai. He said: If I had met you before you went out, you would not have gone to that place. I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Mounts are not to be ridden except to three mosques: al-Masjid al-Haraam, this mosque of mine and the mosque of Eeliya’ or Bayt al-Maqdis [Jerusalem].” 

Narrated by Maalik in al-Muwatta’ (108) and al-Nasaa’i (1430). Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i. 

So it is not permissible to travel with the aim of visiting any holy place except these three. This does not mean that it is haraam to visit mosques in Muslim lands, because visiting them is prescribed and is mustahabb. Rather what is forbidden is setting out with that aim. If a person has another reason for travelling, and he happens to visit the mosque too, there is nothing wrong with that, rather he is obliged to pray Jumu’ah and prayers in congregation. 

It is even more haraam to travel to visit places that are regarded as holy in other religions, such as those who go to visit the Vatican or Buddhist idols and so on. 

2.The evidence also indicates that it is haraam for the Muslim to travel in kaafir lands in general, because of the evils that will affect the Muslim’s religious commitment and attitude as the result of mixing with those nations who pay no attention to religion and morals, especially when there is no need for him to travel for medical treatment or business and so on, rather it is just for leisure and for fun. Allaah has made the Muslim lands spacious, praise be to Allaah, and He has placed therein wonders of creation so that there is no need to visit the kaafirs in their lands.

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (may Allaah preserve him) said:  

Travelling to kaafir lands is not permissible, because there are many dangers posed to one’s beliefs and morals by mixing with the kuffaar and staying among them. But if there is a valid need and a sound purpose for travelling, such as travelling for medical treatment that is not available in a Muslim country, or travelling to study something that is not available in a Muslim country, or travelling for business purposes, these are valid purposes for which it is permissible to travel to kaafir countries, provided that one adheres to the rituals of Islam and is able to carry out his religious duties in that country, but that (travel) should be done only as much as is necessary, then one should return to the Muslim world. 

As for travelling for tourism, that is not permissible, because the Muslim has no need of that and it does not serve any interest that matches or outweighs the harm and danger to his religious commitment and beliefs that it involves. 

Al-Muntaqa min Fataawa al-Shaykh al-Fawzaan (2/question no. 221) 

We have already discussed this question in detail and at length on our site. Please see the answers to question no. 52845 , 8919 and 13342 . 

3.There can be no doubt that sharee’ah forbids tourism in places of corruption, where alcohol is drunk and immoral actions take place and sins are committed, such as beaches and parties and immoral places, or travelling to hold celebrations on innovated festivals. The Muslim is enjoined to keep away from sin so he should not commit sin or sit with those who are committing sin.

The scholars of the Standing Committee said: 

It is not permissible to go to places of corruption for the sake of tourism, because of the danger that poses to one’s religious commitment and morals. Islam came to block the means that lead to evil. 

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (26/332). 

So how about tourism that encourages sin and immorality, and is organized in order to promote it and spread it? 

The scholars of the Standing Committee also said: 

If this tourism involves making it easy to commit sin and evils, and promotes them, then it is not permissible for the Muslim who believes in Allaah and the Last Day to help others to disobey Allaah and go against His commands. If a person gives up something for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will compensate him with something better than it. 

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (26/224). 

4.With regard to visiting the ruins and places of former nations, if they are places of punishment where they were swallowed up by the earth, transformed or destroyed because of their disbelief in Allaah, then it is not permissible to take those places as sites for tourism and recreation.

The scholars of the Standing Committee were asked: 

In the city of al-Bada’, near Tabook, there is an area where there are ancient ruins and houses carved out of the mountains, and some people say that these were the dwellings of the people of Shu’ayb (peace be upon him). My question is: Has it been proven that these were the dwellings of the people of Shu’ayb (peace be upon him) or not? What is the ruling on visiting these ruins for one whose aim is to have a look at them, and the one whose aim is to ponder and learn a lesson? 

They replied: 

It is well known among the scholars that the houses of Madyan to whom the Prophet of Allaah Shu’ayb (peace be upon him) was sent were in the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula, which is now known as al-Bada’ and its environs.  

Allaah knows best what is really true. If this is correct, then it is not permissible to visit those places for the purpose of having a look at them, because when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) passed though al-Hijr – which was where the houses of Thamood were – he said: “Do not enter the dwellings of those who wronged themselves unless you are weeping, lest there befall you something like that which befell them.” Then he covered his head and urged his mount to move on quickly until he left the place behind.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (3200) and Muslim (2980). 

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, whilst listing the lessons and rulings learned from the campaign to Tabook: 

One who passes by the places of those who were subjected to divine wrath or who were punished should not enter them or stay among them, rather he should hasten to move on and should cover his head with his garment until he has passed them, and he should not enter upon them unless he is weeping and willing to learn a lesson. An example of this is when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) hastened to move on in the valley of Muhsir, between Mina and Muzdalifah, because it was the place where Allaah destroyed the elephant and its companions. 

Zaad al-Ma’aad (3/560). 

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on the hadeeth quoted above: 

This applies to the dwellings of Thamood and others like them, though the reason was given concerning them. 

Fath al-Baari (6/380). 

See: Majmoo’at Abhaath Hay’at Kibaar al-‘Ulama’ fi’l-Mamlakat al-‘Arabiyyah al-Sa’oodiyyah, vol. 3, essay entitled Hukm Ihya’ Diyaar Thamood. 

See also the answer to question no. 20894 . 

5 – It is also not permissible for a woman to travel without a mahram. The scholars have stated that it is haraam for a woman to travel without a mahram for Hajj or ‘umrah, so how about if the travel is for the purpose of tourism which involves a lot of carelessness and haraam mixing?! 

See the answers to questions no. 3098 , 69337 , 45917 and 4523 . 

6 – As for organizing trips for kuffaar in Muslim countries, the basic principle is that it is permissible. If a kaafir tourist is granted permission by a Muslim state to enter, then he is granted safety until he leaves. But during his stay in the Muslim country he should be required to show respect for the Islamic religion and the morals and culture of the Muslims; he should not call people to his religion or claim that Islam is false, and he should only go out in clothes that are appropriate for a Muslim country, not as they are accustomed to dress in their country, semi naked and decadent. He should not be a helper or spy for his people. And finally the kuffaar should not be allowed to visit the two Holy Sanctuaries in Makkah and Madeenah al-Munawwarah. 

Thirdly: 

It is obvious to everyone that tourism (siyaahah) nowadays mostly involves sin, immoral deeds and transgression of the sacred limits, such as deliberate wanton display and nakedness, permissive mixing, drinking of alcohol, promotion of corruption, imitation of the kuffaar and introduction of their customs and ways, and even their diseases, let alone a waste of money, time and effort. All of that happens in the name of tourism. We remind everyone who is concerned about his religion, morals and ummah not to help to promote this evil kind of tourism; rather he should fight it and fight against the culture that it promotes; he should be proud of his religion, culture and morals, for they will protect him against all evils, and give him an alternative in the conservative Muslim lands.  

And Allaah knows best.

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Home » Hanafi Fiqh » Qibla.com » Traveling , Time Zones, and Ramadan

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Traveling , Time Zones, and Ramadan

Answered by Shaykh Ilyas Patel

How one can manage his fasting during traveling by air through diffrent time zones. I start a fast in one time zone and when I reach a place by air that time zone is having earlier sunset? Similiarly traveling towards west one may have length his fast? What a person do while in plane? Should he break fast for time of orgin or time of destination. Also If a person goes to a place where there is Eid one day early and he may end up having 28 siyams (fasts). Or may be enging up 31 siyam (fasts). What one should do in these situations

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

In the Name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful

One will follow the time zone of the destination as this is what one is commanded to follow in that moment and time.

If a person goes to a place where there is Eid one day early, then one will follow the destination zone and keep the 29th day fast on another day.

And Allah Knows Best

This answer was indexed from Qibla.com, which used to have a repository of Islamic Q&A answered by various scholars. The website is no longer in existence. It has now been transformed into a learning portal with paid Islamic course offering under the brand of Kiflayn .

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The Australian dollar is showing some strength, and that could be good news for travellers

Analysis The Australian dollar is showing some strength, and that could be good news for travellers

Tourists look at the Eiffel Tower from afar. One girl is wearing a red beret and another is holding up an iphone.

For a relatively small, open economy, Australia's currency is heavily traded. In fact, it's on the podium for one of the world's most traded.

So it's known to be pushed and pulled on global currency markets on a daily basis.

Curiously though, the Australian dollar has hovered around 66 US cents or above for well over a month now. Recently it even pushed to a six-month high, trading as high as 67.8 US cents.

It's a subtle push, but it's meaningful.

Let's explore why.

Strong commodities, strong dollar

The Australian dollar is known as a commodities currency. This means that if someone offshore wants to buy copper, coal or iron ore from the nation's miners, they need to buy Australian dollars to do it.

Demand for all of these commodities has been resilient in recent months -- particularly iron ore. Treasury's forecasts assume a price of $US60/tonne but it pushed up towards $US120/tonne earlier this year and it's now close to $US110/tonne.

There were fears China's property market collapse would wipe out demand for iron ore but instead, it's held up -- particularly thanks to the CCP's economic stimulus measures.

In short, demand for Australia's commodities has held up, and therefore so has the dollar.

High interest rates, high investment

The second driver of the Australian dollar is critical right now -- it's the difference between interest rates in Australia and other parts of the world.

Australia's central bank -- the Reserve Bank -- was relatively late to tighten monetary policy and it seems it will be a similar story on the path to easing policy.

While other central banks, including the US Federal Reserve, have clearly signalled their intentions to cut interest rates, the Reserve Bank is not yet in a position to do so.

This is because various measures of inflation, including the trimmed mean, are still above the Reserve Bank's target band of between 2 and 3 per cent.

While the price increases of many goods are falling, and some are being discounted, the cost of services -- including rent -- remain elevated.

The latest National Australia Bank business survey shows some promise of costs falling for businesses, which would be promising as far as the outlook for inflation is concerned.

However, the bank says the data is still too bumpy to make a definitive call on whether inflation is easing.

"Price pressures continue to ease in a trend sense though the data certainly remains bumpy," NAB Head of Australian Economics Gareth Spense noted.

It might sound a little esoteric but it's a crucial point.

Escalators at Carindale shopping centre busy with Christmas shoppers

There's little confidence Australia's battle with inflation has been won.

It means there remains the "possibility", as many economists have put it, that the Reserve Bank will be forced to raise interest rates either next month or later in the year.

At the very least, the Reserve Bank is unlikely to cut its cash rate target until November.

At the same time, for example, there's growing expectation the US Federal Reserve may decide to cut its Federal Funds Rate as early as September.

This would make Australia a relatively attractive place for international investors — who are comparing the return (or interest rate) they can earn on their money in the US versus Australia — to park their cash.

A country's relatively higher interest rates act like a magnet for money flows, and as investors chase those interest rates they demand the relevant currencies.

In short, because Australia's interest rates are expected to remain relatively high, demand for its currency is strong.

"It is probable the Australian dollar will [be] slightly stronger over the next six months," independent analyst Evan Lucas says.

"We have the possibility of interest rates [in Australia] going higher still."

Could now be a good time to travel?

Having a stronger currency helps keep a lid on domestic inflation by giving consumers more import purchasing power.

Crucially, for those with itchy feet, it also opens up some travel opportunities.

Now, let's not get carried away; it's not suddenly making an overseas holiday cheaper but, equally, it's not making it more expensive.

Take Japan, for example. The Australian dollar is buying 108.5 Yen -- the highest rate in 30 years.

"It's the cheapest Australians have been able to go to Japan," independent analyst Evan Lucas

And if Europe's more your style, one Australian dollar is now buying roughly 63.5 eurocents.

That's above the historical average of the past two years.

With the Australian dollar buying 67.4 US cents, it's a better time to travel to the United States than earlier in the year.

And if analysts like Evan Lucas are correct, the Australian dollar's value is still set to increase slightly.

This may, perhaps, give those travellers who haven't yet made up their mind on whether to jetset some extra time.

The stronger Australian dollar highlights the nation's ongoing cost-of-living battle and China's economic resilience.

But it's also providing some no doubt welcome financial support to a nation of travellers.

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Time Travel Equation Solved By Astrophysicist

Posted: March 25, 2024 | Last updated: March 25, 2024

islamqa time travel

After a lifetime of pursuing the idea, Physics Professor Ronald Mallett at the University of Connecticut has potentially figured out the theoretical aspects of time travel. Professor Mallett believes that black holes, rotating light, and gravitational pulls may hold the key to exploring time, but it’s all theoretical for now. There are still a lot of hurdles and limitations to handle before time travel can have real, practical applications.

<p>If this method of warp drive is achieved, there are still other limitations to consider. </p><p>If data is sent via FTL communication channels, sensors must be developed to interpret the data. In other words, step one is figuring out how to manipulate warp bubbles and send coded messages through time and space, and step two is figuring out how to make the information useful to its recipient. </p>

A Life Spent Thinking About Time Travel

Love and loss pushed Professor Mallett into an obsession with time and space. When he was 10 years old, his father passed away from a heart attack. It was his father who nourished his love of science, but H.G. Wells’ book The Time Machine pushed him towards a focus on time travel.

He was hooked from the very first paragraph of the book, “Scientific people know very well that Time is only a kind of Space. And why cannot we move in Time as we move about in the other dimensions of Space?”

That paragraph never left him, and the professor let that time travel question guide him through school and into the Professor Emeritus of Physics position at the University of Connecticut.

Artist’s rendering of a supermassive black hole

Einstein And Black Holes

As he grew up, Professor Mallett spent much of his time on Albert Einstein’s theories about black holes. While his interest in time travel only continued to grow, a potential solution never showed itself. At least, not until the professor ended up in a hospital with a heart condition.

There, lying in the hospital bed, inspiration hit him. Black holes and the gravitational fields they created were the answer to time travel. These gravitational fields had the potential to lead to time loops, which then theoretically could allow people and objects to travel back in time.

<p>As weird as it sounds, black holes spin just like planets. Much like Earth, a black hole rotates at a speed determined by its surface gravity. For every object that turns, there is a maximum rate at which it can do so, and according to Science Alert, researchers have discovered the black hole in the middle of the Milky Way is now spinning at that rate.</p>

Black Holes Manipulating Gravity

While this idea offered an ability to manipulate time, the other problem was how to use these time loops for time travel.

Professor Mallett found this time travel solution much easier than the first problem. Strong and continuous beams of light, like a ring of lasers, with a particular rotation could be used to manipulate gravity and mimic the distorting effects of a black hole.

<p>Though the details are rather complicated, the big time travel picture is a lot simpler to grasp. The professor offers a comparison to help people understand. “Let’s say you have a cup of coffee in front of you. Start stirring the coffee with the spoon. It started to spin, right? That’s what a spinning black hole does. In Einstein’s theory, space and time are related to each other. That’s why it’s called space-time. So when the black hole spins, it will actually cause time to shift.”</p>

Though the details are rather complicated, the big time travel picture is a lot simpler to grasp. The professor offers a comparison to help people understand. “Let’s say you have a cup of coffee in front of you. Start stirring the coffee with the spoon. It started to spin, right? That’s what a spinning black hole does. In Einstein’s theory, space and time are related to each other. That’s why it’s called space-time. So when the black hole spins, it will actually cause time to shift.”

<p>Professor Mallett may now have a theory on time travel and a machine to use to make it possible, but that doesn’t mean it will be here in the next few decades. </p><p>There’s still a lot to figure out to make such travel practical, such as where the insane amount of energy such a machine would require could come from, and how big the machine would need to be. </p><p>There’s also a major constraint on the machine. According to his theories, time travel would only be possible to the very beginning of when the machine was first built. In this way, it’s more like a one-way message service. You can potentially go forward quite a distance, but going back in time is limited by the machine’s creation. </p>

Much To Figure Out

Professor Mallett may now have a theory on time travel and a machine to use to make it possible, but that doesn’t mean it will be here in the next few decades.

There’s still a lot to figure out to make such travel practical, such as where the insane amount of energy such a machine would require could come from, and how big the machine would need to be.

There’s also a major constraint on the machine. According to his theories, time travel would only be possible to the very beginning of when the machine was first built. In this way, it’s more like a one-way message service. You can potentially go forward quite a distance, but going back in time is limited by the machine’s creation.

<p>The professor has made a huge leap in figuring out the theoretical aspects of time travel, but there’s a lot more to discover and quite a few hurdles and paradoxes to figure out before scientists practically start messing around in time. </p><p>Still, the theory is a step in the right direction and does suggest that people can push past what science currently considers possible. </p><p>Source: Earth.com</p>

Theoretical Aspects Of Time Travel

The professor has made a huge leap in figuring out the theoretical aspects of time travel, but there’s a lot more to discover and quite a few hurdles and paradoxes to figure out before scientists practically start messing around in time.

Still, the theory is a step in the right direction and does suggest that people can push past what science currently considers possible.

Source: Earth.com

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3 big mistakes people traveling to Japan make, according to someone who's visited 11 times

  • Grace Cheng, a 22-year-old travel blogger based in NYC, has visited Japan 11 times.
  • She said travelers going to Japan for the first time consistently make a few mistakes.
  • Travelers focus on Tokyo, Cheng added, but don't leave enough time for other cities.  

Insider Today

Out of the 34 countries travel blogger Grace Cheng has visited, none has left such a lasting impression than Japan . From visiting historical temples during cherry blossom season to the diverse and delicious food scene , Japan stole her heart.

"It's so different than what you see here in the States, and it's so different from any other country," she said.

Cheng, who is 22 and based in NYC, has noticed the country becoming a "hot spot" for tourists.

The International Trade Administration shows that the number of US travelers flying to Japan was already over 900,000 from January to May, a 17.4% increase from the same time period in 2023. One factor driving the surge in tourists from the US is the strongest dollar-to-yen exchange rate in recent history. As of July 8, $1 buys 160.74 yen.

Cheng first visited Japan in 2017, and she's gone 11 times since then. Here, she shares three of the biggest mistakes to avoid when planning a trip to Japan to better your chances of immersing yourself in the culture and exploring off the beaten path.

Mistake 1: They overfill their itineraries

There is so much to explore in Japan, from the hustle and bustle of Tokyo's famous Shibuya crossing (one of the busiest in the world) to the serene tranquility of the gardens and shrines in Kyoto.

But as excited as tourists can be to get a taste of everything, Cheng advises them to make sure their itineraries aren't jam-packed every day.

"The ideal time I would give Japan is probably seven to 10 days," Cheng says, adding that it is a sufficient time to explore a few regions without feeling rushed.

A shorter trip, especially for first-time visitors, could mean that "every day is just back-to-back attractions or moving," which ultimately results in high stress.

"You don't really get to experience Japan for what it's worth because you're just always on the go," she added.

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If you are truly pressed for time and only have a few days to spare in Japan, Cheng recommends prioritizing Tokyo, given it is a "major destination everyone has to go to" at least once in their life if they can.

Mistake 2: They don't set foot outside Tokyo

The issue with just visiting Tokyo, according to Cheng, is it doesn't fully represent how broad and versatile Japan or Japanese culture is.

If visitors want to get a real feel for the country's history, cuisine, and local charms, they should venture south and north of Tokyo.

"Tokyo is not Japan," Cheng said. "And you need to explore the other cities to actually have a sense of what Japan is like."

Outside Tokyo, one of her favorite cities is Sapporo, in the Hokkaido prefecture in the north of Japan. Cheng said she found cheaper prices and more friendly locals there.

"They just go out of their way, and you can definitely tell if someone is from Tokyo or the north," she said.

The food scene is also completely different depending on where you visit — Sapporo, for example, is renowned for soup curry, she said.

Osaka is a city near Kyoto so well-known for food that it's sometimes referred to as "Japan's kitchen." There, Cheng said she ate amazing tonkatsu, or fried pork cutlet, made to "perfection" with a side of all-you-can-eat shredded cabbage.

Mistake 3: They never turn off Google Maps

Being told to knowingly lose your way in a foreign country might sound scary, but Cheng insists it's one of the best strategies for discovering a new place.

"The best way to experience the streets and just get to know the country itself is just to get lost," Cheng said. "Don't use your phone. Don't use Google Maps."

She said some of her best interactions with locals and restaurants have come from walks around Japanese cities when she's avoided using her phone.

"If you go to Google and you search 'best restaurants in Tokyo,' for example, you're going to come up with all these restaurants that cater toward tourists," she said. "You're not going to actually experience the local dishes or a local atmosphere," and leave with a false "impression" of Japan.

"The best restaurants that I've found have come from stumbling upon them just walking the streets," she said.

Watch: How the Tokyo Metro is deep cleaned

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Around 1,700 flights canceled as Tropical Storm Beryl hits Texas, cruises changed

Nearly 1,700 U.S. flights have been canceled, and more than 4,200 more have been delayed just before 5 p.m. ET Monday as Tropical Storm Beryl lashes Texas, according to flight tracker FlightAware .

Beryl made landfall as a Category 1 hurricane near Matagorda, Texas early Monday and was downgraded to a tropical storm later in the morning, the National Hurricane Center reported. Matagorda is less than 100 miles from Houston. 

About 5 p.m. ET, 90% of flights at Houston’s George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IAH) and 80% at William P. Hobby Airport (HOU) were canceled. Houston (IAH) is a major hub for United Airlines, which is suffering the worst of the operational impacts from the storm so far. About 16% of United’s flights, just shy of 500 departures across its network, have been canceled so far Monday. Southwest also has a large presence in Houston (HOU) and has seen nearly 350 cancellations across its network so far.

Airlines including Alaska , American , Delta , Frontier , Southwest , Spirit , and United are offering waivers related to the storm, allowing travelers to rebook travel within certain parameters without penalty.

Travelers are always eligible for refunds , even if they purchased nonrefundable tickets, if their flights are canceled for any reason, according to Department of Transportation rules.

Flight delayed with clear skies?: United Airlines will show you why weather is to blame

Cruise lines adjust itineraries

The Port of Galveston remained closed Monday after suspending vessel operations over the weekend, and multiple cruise lines have adjusted their plans .

Royal Caribbean International’s Mariner of the Seas – currently sailing a Western Caribbean cruise – will return to the Texas port city on Tuesday rather than on Monday as planned. The ship’s next itinerary will skip a scheduled stop in Costa Maya, Mexico as a result, but will visit Cozumel.

“Along with our chief meteorologist, we are closely monitoring the progression of Hurricane Beryl into the South Texas region and are adjusting some of our routes to ensure the comfort and safety of our guests and crew,” a spokesperson for the line’s parent company, Royal Caribbean Group , said in an emailed statement. “Guests on impacted sailings will be notified of any changes directly.”

Carnival Cruise Line’s Carnival Dream ship departed early on Sunday afternoon, before the port was closed to vessel traffic. “We won’t have ships in port for a few days, per the normal schedule, and Carnival Breeze is the next ship to return to Galveston on July 11,” spokesperson Matt Lupoli said in an email.

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More than 3 million pass through US airport security in a day for the first time as travel surges

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A traveler walks through the departure area as airline catering workers who are employed by Gate Gourmet picket with their supporters, calling for a new union contract with raises and affordable health insurance, Wednesday, July 3, 2024, at Miami International Airport in Miami. A long Fourth of July holiday weekend is expected to create new travel records. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)

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More than 3 million people passed through U.S. airport security on Sunday, the first time that number of passengers have been screened in a single day as travel surges , according to the U.S. Transportation Security Administration.

The record, which was widely predicted to happen at some point over the July Four holiday weekend, topped the June 23 mark of more than 2.99 million screened passengers. Eight of the 10 busiest days in TSA’s history have come this year as the number of travelers tops pre-pandemic levels.

TSA was created after the terror attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, and replaced a collection of private security companies that were hired by airlines. The agency operates under the Department of Homeland Security, which said that agents on Sunday checked 35 passengers every second.

While Americans continue to grapple with inflation, travel costs including airline tickets and hotel prices have eased significantly from a year ago. Hotel rooms were 1.2% cheaper in May compared with a year ago, according to recent government inflation data. Those costs have been trending lower since the beginning of the year.

While most U.S. airlines lost money in the first quarter — traditionally the weakest time of year for travel — they were all expecting a summer of full planes.

Image

This spring, American and Southwest said they expected solid second quarter profits. They joined Delta Air Lines and United Airlines in giving an upbeat outlook for the April-through-June period, which includes the start of peak season for carriers.

Delta reports its second-quarter earnings on Thursday, with analysts predicting sales of $15.5 billion, nearly $1 billion more than the same period a year ago. Next week, United and American issue their quarterly results, with Wall Street forecasting higher revenue from a year ago for both carriers.

Increasingly full planes since the pandemic shut travel down four years ago has brought some downside for airlines: complaints .

The Transportation Department said last week that it received nearly 97,000 complaints in 2023, up from about 86,000 the year before. The department said there were so many complaints that it took until July to sort through the filings and compile the figures.

That’s the highest number of complaints about airlines since 2020, when airlines were slow to give customers refunds after the coronavirus pandemic shut down air travel.

The Transportation Department said the increase in complaints was partly the result of more travelers knowing about their rights and the ability to file a complaint. Airlines receive many more complaints from travelers who don’t know how or don’t bother to complain to the government, but the carriers don’t release those numbers.

Associated Press Airlines Writer David Koenig contributed to this story.

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More than 3 million pass through US airport security in a day for the first time as travel surges

A traveler walks through the departure area as airline catering workers who are employed by Gate Gourmet picket with their supporters, calling for a new union contract with raises and affordable health insurance, Wednesday, July 3, 2024, at Miami International Airport in Miami. A long Fourth of July holiday weekend is expected to create new travel records.

More than 3 million people passed through U.S. airport security on Sunday, the first time that number of passengers have been screened in a single day as  travel surges , according to the U.S. Transportation Security Administration.

The record, which was widely predicted to happen at some point over the July Four holiday weekend, topped the June 23 mark of more than 2.99 million screened passengers. Eight of the 10  busiest days  in TSA’s history have come this year as the number of travelers tops pre-pandemic levels.

TSA was created after the terror attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, and replaced a collection of private security companies that were hired by airlines. The agency operates under the Department of Homeland Security, which said that agents on Sunday checked 35 passengers every second.

While Americans continue to grapple with inflation, travel costs including airline tickets and hotel prices have eased significantly from a year ago. Hotel rooms were 1.2% cheaper in May compared with a year ago, according to recent government inflation data. Those costs have been trending lower since the beginning of the year.

While most U.S. airlines lost money in the first quarter — traditionally the weakest time of year for travel — they were all expecting a summer of full planes.

This spring, American and Southwest said they expected solid second quarter profits. They joined Delta Air Lines and United Airlines in giving an upbeat outlook for the April-through-June period, which includes the start of peak season for carriers.

Delta reports its second-quarter earnings on Thursday, with analysts predicting sales of $15.5 billion, nearly $1 billion more than the same period a year ago. Next week, United and American issue their quarterly results, with Wall Street forecasting higher revenue from a year ago for both carriers.

Increasingly full planes since the pandemic shut travel down four years ago has brought some downside for airlines:  complaints .

The  Transportation Department  said last week that it received nearly 97,000 complaints in 2023, up from about 86,000 the year before. The department said there were so many complaints that it took until July to sort through the filings and compile the figures.

That’s the highest number of  complaints about airlines  since 2020, when airlines were slow to give customers refunds after the coronavirus pandemic shut down air travel.

The Transportation Department said the increase in complaints was partly the result of more travelers knowing about their rights and the ability to file a complaint. Airlines receive many more complaints from travelers who don’t know how or don’t bother to complain to the government, but the carriers don’t release those numbers.

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  1. Truth About Time Travel

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  2. Truth About Time Travel Explained In The Quran

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  3. Time Travel Proof With

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  4. Islam Confirms That Time Travel Is Real

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  5. পবিত্র কোরান থেকে বর্ণিত সত্যিকারের TIME TRAVELS ঘটনা

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  6. Time traveling in the Holy Quran by ALLAH (swt).

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  1. Are you Ready to meet Allah?

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COMMENTS

  1. The Islamic position on time travel

    Answer. All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, is His Slave and Messenger. If you mean by "time travel" moving between different points in time forward or backward, meaning physically visiting the past or the ...

  2. Question: What is the islamic position on the concept of time travel

    Answer: assalamu alaykum. Theologically, all of the things you mention are from the realm of the possible. In Islam, we affirm a type of 'alternate world' when it comes to the realm of the barzakh and the alam al-mithal. There are also reports from some of the Salaf, such as Ibn Abbas, that affirm multiple earths: "in every earth is a ...

  3. He is asking about time: is it created? Will it exist in Paradise? Will

    What is meant by time (zamaan) is the arena in which people's deeds and actions take place. In general, it is the duration of their life in this world. Secondly: This time (zamaan) is something that Allah has created, because Allah, may He be exalted, is the Creator of all things. He is the Creator of time and the Creator of place.

  4. Time Travel

    Rasulullah (sallallahu'alaihi wasallam) then made the following du'a: "O Allah! indeed he ('Ali) was engaged in your obedience and the obedience of your Messenger, so return the sun for him". Asma (radiyallahu'anha) says: "I had seen the sun set, then reappear after sunset!". (Sharh Mushkilil Athar of Imam Tahawi (rahimahullah ...

  5. How Many Days Can You Shorten Prayers?

    And it was narrated from him that if he intends to stay for more than four days he must perform his prayers in full, but if he intends to stay less than that, he may shorten them . This is also the view of Malik and al-Shafi'i." (Al-Mughni, 2/65) It says in Fatawa al-Lajnah al-Daimah (8/109): "The basic principle is that the traveller who ...

  6. How to Pray When Travelling

    With regard to joining prayers , it is permissible for a traveller to join Zhuhr and 'Asr, and Maghrib and 'Isha, at the time of the earlier or later prayer, depending on what is easiest for him. But it is better for him not to do that unless it is difficult for him to offer every prayer on time. Based on that, you can join two prayers ...

  7. IslamQA: Quantum theory and time travel in Islam

    I believe in a real-time universe as I discuss in this essay, which means that backward time-travel is nonsensical since it would require bypassing God. Time is merely the fact that some of God's actions happen after some of His other actions. Traveling backward would literally mean controlling God and making Him undo His own actions, which ...

  8. I have a question to ask you regarding time travel. In modern ...

    A Muslim should accept whatever decision was made by Allah Ta'ala and move on with life, he should not desire to go back in life and change what has happened. A Muslim should have the belief that he can never change what Allah has destined, even if he was able to travel back in time. As far as time travel itself is concerned, we present to ...

  9. Islamic view of space exploration

    Salams. Answer. Praise be to Allah. Islam does not prevent man from attempting to explore space and the wonders it contains, or from looking at the dominion of Allaah and what He has created in heaven and earth, as He has commanded us to do in His Book. But we should pay attention to two things:

  10. Truth About Time Travel

    Become A Sense Islam Member: https://www.patreon.com/senseislamSupport Us Through PayPal: https://www.paypal.me/senseislamIn This Video We'll Show You Abou...

  11. Fasting while Traveling: Permissible?

    1- If fasting and not fasting are the same, in the sense that fasting does not affect him, then in this case fasting is better, because of the following evidence: Fasting while traveling means that one fulfills one's duty more quickly, because making it up later means delaying it, but fasting in Ramadan means doing it sooner.

  12. When Is It Forbidden for a Traveller to Break the Fast?

    Source: Islam Q&A. It is haram for a traveller to break his fast when: 1- he is travelling but the distance does not reach the distance at which it becomes permissible to shorten the prayers, 2- his journey is not permissible, 3- he is travelling in order to break the fast, and 4- he is travelling and wants to break the fast before leaving the ...

  13. Time Travel in the Quran

    The difference of time between the clocks would have been even more pronounced if the speed of aircraft was higher. Time Travel in Islam, Christianity and Judaism. Time travel events have been part of Islamic tradition and have been recorded in the Quran. There are at least four separate events in the Quran where time travel has been mentioned.

  14. Is Time Travel possible

    Allah has established a governing law and that is time moves forward. Travelling into the past is impossible. "Be and it is" means everything has been set before the creation was even created. It could never be "Be and it was". However, the Quran clearly mentions travelling into the future is possible. Albert Einstein, in his theory of special ...

  15. Is time travel possible?

    Expansion of time is a term which means living long in a short time. Transcending space is a term which means surpassing space and appearing in different places at the same time. The area of the earth expands with mountains. Small bubbles increase the area of the stomach. Lungs measure two hundred and fifty square meters when they are opened.

  16. If I'm going to be traveling by air or land can I pray my ...

    You will need to offer each salah in its proper time while traveling. Men and women do so everyday. You will pray your obligatory [fardh] salah in a standing position and facing the qiblah. On the road you can stop at gas stations, rest areas, etc. and pray. If you plan ahead of time you can easily determine where you need to stop to offer your ...

  17. The Distance A Woman Can Travel Without A Mahram

    Bukhari no. 186. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "A woman is not to travel except with a mahram. A man is not to enter the company of a woman unless her mahram is with her.". A man said, "O Messenger of Allah! I wanted to out with the expedition of so-and-so, but my wife wants to perform Hajj.". The Prophet said, "Go with her.".

  18. What are the exact conditions to combine and shorten your ...

    If travel is concluded during the second, they are invalid, but it is to be completed as a voluntary prayer. The only prerequisites to combine in the second's time are to have the intention from the first's time (so long as there is still time to make it) and the presence of the excuse at the time of the second.

  19. Travel and tourism (siyaahah) in Islam

    1.Connecting siyaahah to worship. So travel - or siyaahah - is enjoined in order to perform one of the pillars of Islam, namely Hajj during certain months, and 'umrah to the House of Allaah is prescribed throughout the year. When a man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and asked him for permission for ...

  20. Just curious, what is the Islamic position on Time travel?

    Asalamu alaykum. This is not an Islamic position on time travel, so take it with a grain of salt. This is just how I think of it. If you travel into the past or the future, then it was already written that you traveled into that different time, as everything is already decreed by Allah SWT. Let's first look at what happens if you travel to ...

  21. Traveling , Time Zones, and Ramadan

    In the Name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful. One will follow the time zone of the destination as this is what one is commanded to follow in that moment and time. If a person goes to a place where there is Eid one day early, then one will follow the destination zone and keep the 29th day fast on another day. And Allah Knows Best.

  22. The Australian dollar is showing some strength, and that could be good

    With the Australian dollar buying 67.4 US cents, it's a better time to travel to the United States than earlier in the year. And if analysts like Evan Lucas are correct, the Australian dollar's ...

  23. Official Funny Political Tweet Thread*****

    Dial 6 numbers and hold the 7th, to let it dial when the d.j. said it was time to call. I lived in a dorm where all the telephone connections were in a small closet at the end of the hallway. Using a couple of alligator clips, you could connect two rooms together.

  24. Time Travel Equation Solved By Astrophysicist

    The professor has made a huge leap in figuring out the theoretical aspects of time travel, but there's a lot more to discover and quite a few hurdles and paradoxes to figure out before ...

  25. Another United Airlines plane loses tire in takeoff; second in a year

    Here's a breakdown of the incidents reported by United Airlines so far this year, the events that led the FAA to "step up its presence" in the first place.

  26. Planning on traveling for the Fourth of July? Here's how to avoid the

    — Leave early: There are more people everywhere during a holiday week, so lines will be longer and roads will be busier. Give yourself more time to get to your destination or to make your way through airport security. — Keep an eye on the weather — and not just for your destination: Look at the weather for your entire travel path.

  27. 3 Big Mistakes People Traveling to Japan Make

    Grace Cheng, a 22-year-old travel blogger based in NYC, has visited Japan 11 times. She said travelers going to Japan for the first time consistently make a few mistakes. Travelers focus on Tokyo ...

  28. Flight cancellations near 1,700 as Tropical Storm Beryl lashes Texas

    Nearly 1,700 U.S. flights have been canceled, and more than 4,200 more have been delayed just before 5 p.m. ET Monday as Tropical Storm Beryl lashes Texas, according to flight tracker FlightAware ...

  29. More than 3 million pass through US airport security in a day for the

    More than 3 million people passed through U.S. airport security on Sunday, the first time that number of passengers have been screened in a single day as travel surges, according to the U.S. Transportation Security Administration.. The record, which was widely predicted to happen at some point over the July Four holiday weekend, topped the June 23 mark of more than 2.99 million screened ...

  30. More than 3 million pass through US airport security in a day for the

    More than 3 million people passed through U.S. airport security on Sunday, the first time that number of passengers have been screened in a single day as travel surges, according to the U.S. Transport